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study guide 2 - The Glory That Was Greece STUDY GUIDE 2...

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The Glory That Was Greece STUDY GUIDE 2: Classical and Hellenistic Greece Study Guide for Quiz 6 concepts conflict between Greece and Persia (historical outline, main figures, outcome, significance) - Greece vs Persia round 1 = Marathon 490 BCE o In Athens: Themistokles, who is an archon, rallies the Greeks in support for Defense against Persia o In Sparta: They threaten any Greeks who dare to Medize o 490 Darius sends a fleet tp Greece The plan was for these people to join Hippias in Athens to back him up Sparta refuses to help Athens o Battle of Marathon This is the First Battle in the Persian War in 490 Persians bring a fleet into Marathon Militides who is the general leading Athens uses a plan to fight the Persians on the shore When the Persians are defeated they abandon the Campaign o The Inter Wars 490-480 Persians Prepare: Regime change = Darius 1 Xerces Xerces consolidates his power and crushes a revolt in Egypt Greeks Prep Discover Silver Themistokles and the Wooden Wall o Set aside differences and recall exiles o Create the Hellenistic League
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Major players in this are Sparts (who is the most influential ), Athens and Corinth They have meetings in 481 to 480 to try and rally the Greek World to prepare them to get invaded by Persia This has little success - Greeks Vs Persians round 2 : 480-479 o Xerces takes Persians across Northern Greece and Joins up with Medizers Greeks respond by evcacuating Salamis o Thermopolaye: Leonidas and the 300 Small group of Greeks block the pass Betrayedby other Greeks Get annihilated but… They bought the other Greeks enough time to prepare Salamis Morale boost because it shows that the Persians aren’t invincible And gives the Greeks glory by saying they died defending the others! o The Next Battle was the Naval Battle of Artemision This was only a few days after Thermopolaye Both sides loose ships but Persians loose more!!! Than a storm hits and damages more! o Persians occupy Abndoned Athens The Greeks move to the island of Salamis to regroup o The Turning Point!! Battle of Salamis Fleets = Greek = ½ Athenian smaller than Persian Fleet
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Persians attempt to surprise the Greek fleet with a surprise night attack = FAIL Morning battle o Artemsia –warns Persians not to fight – they don’t listen o Many ships destroyed and some how Greeks win! aftermath of Persian Invasion (growth of Athenian Empire) - To secure the victory o Battle of Platia What the hell happened here??? Spartan Pausanias led Greeks into Biotia 479 o Battle of Mykale Greek navy wins battle Athens = pursued retreating Persian Fleet Sparta = dislodged Persians fromMiletos - Greek Response o Signigance Greek Identiy = forced to function as a cohesive unit! First time for Pan Love Recognized that they all have a shared interest They all want freedom! What makes us different from Persia? We don’t have kings! Were free! = what it means to be greek First time Greeks become fully militarized! Yay
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