Ch. 01

Ch. 01 - 1/15/2010 Chapter 01: Introduction 1.1 Materials,...

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1/15/2010 1 Chapter 01: Introduction 1.1 Materials, Manufacturing, and the Standard of Living s Standard of living of a society is determined by the goods and services that are available to its people s Manufactured goods b Producer goods: s Intermediate goods used to manufacture either producer or consumer goods b Consumer goods: s Purchased directly by the consumer
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1/15/2010 2 History of Materials s The development of materials and man’s ability to process them is linked to the history of man b Stone Age b Copper and Bronze Age b Iron Age b Steel Age s The current age is that of plastics, composite materials, and alloys Product Development s Sustaining technology: b Innovations bring more value to the consumer b Improvements in materials, processes, and design s Product growth normally follows the “S” curve Figure 1-1a) A product development curve
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1/15/2010 3 Interactive Factors in Manufacturing s Factors b Product design b Materials b Labor costs b Equipment b Manufacturing costs s Strategies to reduce cost b Lean manufacturing b Systems approach Figure 1-2 Manufacturing cost is the largest part of the selling price, usually around 40%. The largest part of the manufacturing cost is materials, usually 50%. 1.2 Manufacturing and Production Systems s Manufacturing is the ability to make goods and services to satisfy societal needs b Manufacturing processes are strung together to create a manufacturing system (MS) s Production system is the total company and includes manufacturing systems Figure 1-3 The manufacturing system converts inputs to outputs using processes to add value to the goods for the external customer.
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1/15/2010 4 Manufacturing and Production Systems s Goods b Material things s Services b Nonmaterial things s Service Production Systems (SPSs) b Nonmaterial systems that do not provide a product (i.e. banking, health care, education, etc.) Figure 1-4 The functions and systems of the production
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Ch. 01 - 1/15/2010 Chapter 01: Introduction 1.1 Materials,...

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