lecture 11b - Differences between Tetrahedral and...

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Unformatted text preview: Differences between Tetrahedral and Octahedral Complexes Differences between Tetrahedral and Octahedral Complexes ligands approach the metal ion via the corners of the cube Metal ion z-axis x-axis ligands approach the metal ion along the axes by approaching the faces of the cube between the axes Octahedron Tetrahedron z-axis x-axis ML interaction with the d xz is non-bonding in octahedral complexes d xz O h : Ligands approach faces T d : Ligands approach corners Tetrahedral vs Octahedral Orbital Overlap In contrast, ML interaction with the d xz is bonding in tetrahedral complexes ML interaction with the d z2 is bonding in octahedral complexes In contrast, ML interaction with the d z2 is non-bonding in tetrahedral complexes Tetrahedral vs Octahedral Orbital Overlap d z2 O h : Ligands approach faces T d : Ligands approach corners d x2-y2 d z2 d xz d xy d yz t The tetrahedral vs. octahedral The tetrahedral vs. octahedral dorbital splitting diagram dorbital splitting diagram...
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lecture 11b - Differences between Tetrahedral and...

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