Ch_04_5e - Fifth Edition Planning Implementing Evaluating...

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Planning, Implementing, & Evaluating Health Promotion Programs: A Primer – James F. McKenzie, Brad L. Neiger, Rosemary Thackeray Fifth Edition Assessing Needs Chapter 4
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Need and Needs Assessment Need defined “the difference between the present situation and a more desirable one” (Gilmore & Campbell, 2005, p. 6) Actual need (true need); Perceived need (reported need) Needs assessment a process of identifying, analyzing, & prioritizing needs of a priority population, also called - community analysis, community diagnosis, community assessment May be the most critical step in planning “provides objective data to define important health problems, set priorities for program implementation, and establish a baseline for evaluating program impact
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Why a needs assessment? 1. Logical place to start (Gilmore & Campbell, 2005) 2. Helps insure appropriate use of planning resources 3. Without one may prevent or delay adequate attention directed to a more important health problem 4. Can help determine internal capacity of a community to address specific needs 5. Develop a focus for an intervention 6. A reference point for future assessments
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Needs assessment defined…
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