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Unformatted text preview: - Test 1- Bronfenbrenners model (outermost ring=cultural context)..middle is childs bio makeup, next is immediate environment, next is social and economic context then its cultural- Qualitive changes (def.) qualitative change: involves a fundamental transformation in an ability or characteristic discontinuous ..-- Characteristics of child development- rate is unpredictable is false Normative development Normative: what stages do all children go through in development of social skills. .. the general changes and reorganizations in behavior that virtually all children share as they grow older-- Active genotype-environment interactions- sally is jens sister and she is quiet and likes chemistry while jen is in to sports. Sally joins the chem. Team while jen joins the basketball team- Heredity and environment Heredity vs. environment: What makes people the way they are? Heredity (genetics)- the evolutionary heritage shared by all humans o highly canalized (channeled)genetically constrained and influenced little by environmental variation o these shared traits aid in survival (eg sucking reflex to get milk)- the childs individual genetic characteristics o reaction range- for every genotype ( a persons genetic make up) there is a range of possible phenotypes (the expression of a persons genotype in observed and measurable characteristics)ie blonde hair- o Ecological validity def limited generalizability to everyday settings (ecological validity) the degree to which experimental findings in the lab generalize to the outside world disadvantage-- Hypothesis- def. a testable proposition, often developed to check the validity of a theory- Cross sectional study- def cross sectional: groups of individuals of different ages are studied at the same time- o Canalized genetic trait highly canalized (channeled) genetically constrained and influenced little by environmental variation-- Subject attrition-def s ubject attrition loss of research participants over time in longitudinal-------Mesosystem Mesosystems: relationships between Microsystems (connections between the contexts)- examples: o the parents work situation affects the parents relationships with the child o the childs relationship with the parents affect the childs relationship with the teachers and school-- Exosystem Exosystems: contexts that affect children indirectly- parents work- school systems- religious institutions- government policies and institutions- mass media-- Neighborhood on children=collective socialization- Cultural differences-- cultural contexts- cultural differences in child rearing practices and children behavior seem to be mainly due to difference in what behaviors are most adaptive in different cultures-- Definition of reorganization- process by which cells migrate to new location and interact with other cells to form complete organs, differentiation- the process by which structures and functions become increasingly specialized, random assortment- the shuffling of chromosomes from the mother and father during meiosis, crossing over-the exchange of corresponding...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HDF 313 taught by Professor Dontremember during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.
- Spring '08