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ch3assessment - Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative...

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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 3: Clinical Assessment and Diagnosis Chapter 3 Clinical Assessment and Diagnosis
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 3: Clinical Assessment and Diagnosis Assessing Psychological Disorders Clinical Assessment - the systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological, biological, and social factors in an individual presenting with a possible psychological disorder. multidimensional integrative allows informed, accurate decisions Analogous to a Funnel Starts broad Narrow to specific problem areas
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 3: Clinical Assessment and Diagnosis Diagnosing Psychological Disorders: Foundations in Classification Clinical Assessment vs. Psychiatric Diagnosis Assessment – Idiographic approach, focus on unique qualities of the individual. Diagnosis – Nomothetic approach, focus on similarity of this case to other cases of the same disorder/condition. A label is assigned. Both are important in treatment planning and intervention Diagnostic Classification Classification is central to all sciences Develop categories based on shared attributes
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 3: Clinical Assessment and Diagnosis Diagnosing and Classifying Psychological Disorders The Nature and Forms of Classification Systems Categorical approach (present/absent) – Categories such as male vs. female. If you look closely, few categories are actually valid, such as sex, race, etc. Dimensional approach – Classification along dimensions, such as mildly to severely mentally challenged, or mood congruent vs. incongruent psychotic symptoms. Some believe that our system should be completely dimensional, such as where each of us would fall on a continuum. ***Prototypical approach – Both classical and dimensional, such as major depression, severe episode. Our current system is said to be prototypical .
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 3: Clinical Assessment and Diagnosis Three Concepts Determine the Value of Assessment Reliability Consistency in measurement Examples include test-retest, inter-rater reliability Validity What the test measures and how well it does so Examples include content, concurrent, discriminant, construct, and face validity Standardization and Norms Foster consistent use of techniques Provide population benchmarks for comparison Examples include administration procedures, scoring, and evaluation of data (my GREs).
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Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach, 4th Edition, David H. Barlow Chapter 3: Clinical Assessment and Diagnosis Three Concepts Determine the Value of Assessment If a test that is supposed to measure depression is really a better measure of anxiety, then that test has low
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ch3assessment - Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative...

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