Chapter 4 Transient Heat Conduction4-59 Chickens are to be chilled by holding them in agitated brine for 2.5 h. The center and surface temperatures of the chickens are to be determined, and if any part of the chickens will freeze during this cooling process is to be assessed. Assumptions1 The chickens are spherical in shape. 2 Heat conduction in the chickens is one-dimensional in the radial direction because of symmetry about the midpoint. 3 The thermal properties of the chickens are constant. 4 The heat transfer coefficient is constant and uniform over the entire surface. 5 The Fourier number is τ> 0.2 so that the one-term approximate solutions (or the transient temperature charts) are applicable (this assumption will be verified). 6 The phase change effects are not considered, and thus the actual the temperatures will be much higher than the values determined since a considerable part of the cooling process will occur during phase change (freezing of chicken).
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