Learning - Learning Defined any relative permanent change...

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Learning Defined: any relative permanent change in behavior that occurs because of experience Conditioning: a kind of learning that involves associations between environmental stimuli and responses
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Types of Conditioning Classical Conditioning: (Pavlov) Organism learns to associate two stimuli One produces a response that originally was only produced by other Classic example of dog/bell and salivation
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Unconditioned Stimulus (US): elicits the unconditioned response (food) shock Unconditioned Response (UR): response which is automatically produced (salivate) Defensive behavior to the shock
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Conditioned Stimulus (CS): originally neutral stimulus that elicits a behavior after being paired with a US (bell) The metronome Conditioned Response (CR): response elicited by the conditioned stimulus (salivate to bell) Defensive behavior to the metronome
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Extinction: repeat the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus over time and the conditioned response will disappear
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Spontaneous Recovery: after a response has been extinguished it may spontaneously reappear after the passage of time with exposure to the conditioned stimulus
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Higher Order Conditioning: pairing a neutral stimulus with the conditioned stimulus will create another conditioned stimulus, although a weaker conditioned response. More likely to show extinction (food with bell, bell with lights)
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Stimulus generalization: after a stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus for some response, other, similar stimuli may produce the same reaction
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Stimulus discrimination: one learns to realize the differences between similar stimuli
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Learning - Learning Defined any relative permanent change...

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