personality - Personality a distinctive pattern of behavior...

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Personality: a distinctive pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that are consistent in an individual over time Personality traits: long-term disposition to behave in particular ways in a variety of situations
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Cattel’s Theory of Personality: Studied traits using factor analysis Developed the 16 Personality Factors Questionnaire Examples: reserved-outgoing; relaxed-tense; trusting- suspicious
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McRae and Costa: Developed the “Big Five” personality traits; believe most personality traits fall under these categories. OCEAN
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Psychodynamic Theory Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory Focus on the influences of early childhood Emphasis on unconscious motives/conflicts Primary focus on sexual and aggressive urges
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Freud’s Basic Structures of Personality Id: impulses/dominated by pleasure/ avoid pain Ego: “voice of reason,” mediator of id/superego, helps find compromises Superego: moral component of personality; rigid standards
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Defense Mechanisms: responses to anxiety which is caused by internal conflicts; attempts to reduce distress of anxiety/guilt Examples of Defense Mechanisms Displacement: take true object of frustration that doesn’t feel safe to express and displace it on something else (father pay check goes through wash and can’t check it at bank, kicks dog, not show guy at bank how mad he is but displace it onto the dog)
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personality - Personality a distinctive pattern of behavior...

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