L15-4+_Oct+13_ - L15-4 Todays lesson will make your...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–27. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
L15-4
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Today’s lesson will make your Japanese even better! ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (natural) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? !
Background image of page 2
Tips to make longer sentences Use a noun modifier . ? ? ( ? ? ? ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? < 1 ? ? > ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? < 2 ? ? >
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Tips to make longer sentences ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ( ? ? ? ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ( ? ? ? ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 4
Use a conjunction ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ( ? ? ? ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ( ? ? ? ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Polite form ( ? ? ? ? ? ) ? ? ? ?   Polite form Plain form ? ? ? ? ? ? Plain form period
Background image of page 6
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Polite form ( ? ? ? ? ? ) ? ?   Polite form Plain form ? ? Plain form comma By using ?   instead of ? ? you can make a longer sentence.
Background image of page 8
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?      ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Polite form ( ? ? ? ? ? ) ? ? ?   Polite form Plain form ? ? ? Plain form
Background image of page 10
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Unlike ?   and ? ?   can sometimes have this sentence pattern. Plain form ? ? ? Polite form ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 12
Degree of politeness/formality Polite form ? ?   Polite form Plain form ? ? Plain form Polite form ? ? ?   Polite form Plain form ? ? ? Plain form Plain form ? ? ? Polite form polite casual
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? ? (in sum) 1. It sounds polite as long as you use the polite form at the end of the sentence. 2. ?   always follows ? ? ? ? ?   form in ? ? ? ? ?   speech. It sounds very awkward if you say ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 14
3. You may encounter the conjunctions, ? ? ? ? ?   and ? ? ?   instead of ? ? . They are the same in meaning, but the longer, the more formal. (You do not have to use ? ? ? ?   and ? ? ?   at this point)
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Another useful meaning of ? ? ? ? ? ( ? ? ) is a preface marker. X ? ? ( ? ? ) ? Y X=back ground information Y=important information/opinion
Background image of page 16
Compare this Japanese sentence with its English translation in Genki . ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ( ? ? 1 ) “I am thinking of going to Michiko’s home in Nagano. Do you want to go?”
Background image of page 17

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Preface ? + ? ? ? ?   + something important Give background information before request, suggestion, intention, Invitation stating something important (ex. your opinion)
Background image of page 18
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 19

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
thing ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? What kind of things do you use for your kanji studies? do you often do with your family? do you buy online? do you like to do over the weekend?
Background image of page 20
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 21

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? ? for intangible/abstract things ? ?   for tangible/concrete things ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 22
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? A: Tail Gate ? ? ? ? ? ? ? B: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? A: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? B: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 23

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
A: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? B: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?  ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? FYI http://www.foodnetwork.com/topics/tailgate-party/index.html
Background image of page 24
? ? ( ? ? ?   from now on) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Noun-modification : ? ? ? ? Conjunction : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 25

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 26
Image of page 27
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 43

L15-4+_Oct+13_ - L15-4 Todays lesson will make your...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 27. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online