L14-3_Sep.29_ - L.14-3 ?3 ?: ? ?: ? ?: ? ? ? 10? ?: ? ?: ?...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–30. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
L.14-3
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? 3 ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 2
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Counter ? ? ? ? ? ? ( review) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? p.49 p.351 - S
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ?   for big machines ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? p.49 p.350 - regular
Background image of page 4
? ?   for small animals ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? p.49 p.350 – h-pb
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ?   for long & slender objects ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? p.49 p.350 – h-pb
Background image of page 6
? ? as a generic counter for smaller items ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? p.49 p.350 – K
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Other counters ? ?   for thin objects ? No sound change
Background image of page 8
? ?   for big animals/ ?   for birds ? p.351 – t ? p.350 – regular
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
No case particles( ? ? ? )   after a counter ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? X ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 10
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? X ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? X ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 12
? + affirmative Usually, no (case)particle comes after a counter but ?   is added after the counter to indicate that the amount is surprisingly large. Wow! That’s a lot!
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Today’s important point Because it indicates the speaker’s surprise, it can not be used in sentences ending in ~ ? ? ? ? ? ~ ? ? ? ? ? ~ ? ? ? ? ~ ? ? ? ? ? Remember this ?   is different from the particle for “also”.
Background image of page 14
A: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? < ~ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? > p.49 / pp.350-351 B: ? ? ? ? ! ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? +negative form “no more than” Indicates that the speaker thinks the amount or item mentioned is smaller than normal. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 16
? ? ? ? ( ? ? ? ? ? ? ) ? ? ( ? ? ) ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 17

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 4 ? ? ? X ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 18
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 19

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
A: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 5 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? B: ? ? ? 5 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (animal) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 20
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 21

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Neutral word that simply describes the exact amount, “no more, no less, just”. An affirmative form or negative form is followed depending ? ? Focuses on non- existence, lack of abject/state, or smaller amount than normal. A negative form is followed as a set phrase. Both words mean “only”
Background image of page 22
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Study Japanese? Yes= ①② No=
Background image of page 23

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
word order Step 1: Make a regular sentence. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 10 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Step 2: Insert ? ? ? ? ? ? or ?   after the word for amount. ? Change the verb to the negative form when using ? ? . ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 0 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 24
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 25

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
~ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Give suggestion to the other party as to how to cope with a given situation ? ? form + ? +  ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 26
Today’s important point Suggestions for both the speaker and the listener to take a certain action should be expressed by ~ ? ? ? ? ? ~ ? ? ? ? ? A: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? B : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? C: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 27

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Give a suggestion 1 . ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 . ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 28
Expressions for advice, suggestion 1. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Why don’t you” 2. ~ ? ? ? ? ? ?   “ You had better” “should” ( ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Background image of page 29

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 30
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course ASIANLAN 225 taught by Professor Sakakibara during the Fall '11 term at University of Michigan.

Page1 / 32

L14-3_Sep.29_ - L.14-3 ?3 ?: ? ?: ? ?: ? ? ? 10? ?: ? ?: ?...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 30. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online