L13-2+9-15 - L.13-2 This expression is not listed in your...

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L.13-2
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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ? ? This expression is not listed in your textbook. ? ? ? ? ? + ? + ? ? ? ? Prohibition ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ? ( ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ) ? ? ? ? ? ( ? ? ? ? ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ( ? ? ? ? ? ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ( noisy, loud) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ( entrance) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ? + ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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‘ 1 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? C-tools ? Resources ? ? Fun activities /web sites] ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ( 1 )   statement ? plain form ? ? ?  ? plain form ? ? + speaker’s ? comment ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Feelings, opinions, thoughts, intention, etc
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? is used to give reasons. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (list nouns ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (list samples of activities ) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (list samples of reasons )
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Today’s important point When using ?   to list reasons, the particle ?   often replaces ? / ?   as a direct object marker or is attached to ? ? ? ? ? . ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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Plain form Verbs ?  ( ? ? )   ? V-potential ?  ( ? ? ? )   affirmative negative non-past ? ? ? ? ? ? past ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? affirmative negative non-past ? ? ? ? ? ? ? past ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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Plain form ? A ?  ( ? ? )   affirmative negative non-past ? ? ? ? ? ? past ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? affirmative negative non-past ? ? ? ? ? ? past ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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Plain form ? A ?  ( ? ? ? )   affirmative negative non-past ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? past ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? affirmative negative non-past ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? past ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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i-books i-movie ? Photo ~ ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? i-pod ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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~ ? ( 2 ) ? plain form ? ? ?  ? plain form ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? :
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~ ? ( 3 ) Sometimes a sentence ends with ?   in order to weaken the sentence and obscure
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2012 for the course ASIANLAN 225 taught by Professor Sakakibara during the Fall '11 term at University of Michigan.

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L13-2+9-15 - L.13-2 This expression is not listed in your...

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