Development new Hindi - f'kcfw_kd NOTES FOR fy, funsZ'k...

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f'k{kd osQ fy, funsZ'k vè;k; 1μ fodkl fodkl osQ dbZ igyw gSaA bl vè;k; dk mís'; fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks ;gh fopkj le>kuk gSA muosQ fy;s ;g le>uk vko';d gS fd yksxksa dh fodkl osQ ckjs esa vyx&vyx /kj.kk,¡ gSa vkSj ,sls mik; gSa ftuosQ }kjk ge fodkl osQ lkewfgd lwpdkadksa dks tku ldrs gSaA blosQ fy;s geus ,slh fLFkfr;ksa dk iz;ksx fd;k gS] ftu ij os lgtcqf¼ ls izfrfØ;k fn[kk ldrs gSaA geus ,sls fo'ys"k.k Hkh fn, gSa ftudh izo`Qfr ”;knk tfVy vkSj c`gr~ gSA nwljk iz'u ;g gS fd ns'kksa vkSj jkT;ksa dh rqyuk oqQN p;fur fodkl lwpdkadksa osQ vkèkkj ij oSQls dh tk ldrh gS] bl vè;k; esa fo|kFkhZ bldk vè;;u djsaxsA vkfFkZd fodkl dks ekik tk ldrk gS vkSj vk; bls ekius dh ,d fof/ gSA ;|fi vk; osQ }kjk fodkl ekius dh fof/ mi;ksxh gS] blosQ oqQN nks"k Hkh gSaA blfy,] gesa thou dh xq.koÙkk vkSj i;kZoj.k dh /kj.kh;rk tSls u, lwpdkadksa osQ iz;ksx djus dh vko';drk gSA vkiosQ fy;s ;g vis{kk djuk vko';d gS fd fo|kFkhZ mi;qZDr fo"k; ij d{kk esa lfØ; izfrfØ;k fn[kk;saA bl fo"k; ij fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh jk; esa dkI + kQh varj gks ldrh gS vkSj bl ij fookn gksuk Hkh laHko gSA fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks vius&vius n`f"Vdks.k j[kus nhft,A gj [kaM osQ var esa oqQN iz'u vkSj fØ;kdyki fn;s x;s gSaA budk nksgjk mís'; gSA igyk] os bl Hkkx esa pfpZr fopkjksa dks la{ksi esa crkrs gSa vkSj nwljk] os fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks okLrfod thou ifjfLFkfr;ksa osQ fudV ykdj bu fo"k;ksa dks csgrj rjhosQ ls le>us osQ ;ksX; cukrs gSaA bl vè;k; esa oqQN 'kCnksa dk iz;ksx fd;k x;k gS] ftudk Li"Vhdj.k vko';d gSμ tSls fd izfrO;fDr vk;] lk{kjrk nj] f'k'kq e`R;q nj] mifLFkfr nj] thou izR;k'kk] ldy ukekadu vuqikr vkSj ekuo fodkl lwpdkadA bu 'kCnksa ls lacaf/r vk¡dM+s fn, x;s gSa rFkk bUgsa iw.kZ :i ls le>us osQ fy, budk foLrkj ls vè;;u vko';d gSA vkidks ozQ; 'kfDr lerk dh vo/kj.kk dks Hkh Li"V djuk gksxk ftldk rkfydk 1-6 esa izfr O;fDr vk; dh x.kuk osQ fy, iz;ksx fd;k x;k gSA ;g vko';d gS fd bu 'kCnksa dk iz;ksx ppkZ esa lgk;rk osQ fy, fd;k tk, u fd mudks daBLFk djus osQ fy,A lwpuk osQ Ïksr bl vè;k; osQ fy, vk¡dM+s Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk izdkf'kr vkfFkZd losZ{k.k] la;qDr jk"Vª la?k fodkl dk;ZØe osQ ekuo fodkl fjiksVZ vkSj fo'o cSad (fo'o fodkl lwpdkad) }kjk izdkf'kr fjiksVks± ls fy, x, gSaA ;s fjiksVZ gj o"kZ izdkf'kr fd, tkrs gSaA ;fn vkiosQ fo|ky; osQ iqLrdky; esa ;s fjiksVZ gSa] rks bUgsa ns[kuk vPNk gksxkA vxj ugha] rks vki bu laLFkkuksa dh osclkbV ( website ) ij tk ldrs gSa ( www.budgetindia.nic.in, www.undp.org, www.worldbank.org )A vk¡dM+s Hkkjrh; fj”koZ cSad dh gSaMcqd vkWiQ LVsfVDl vkWu bafM;u bdkukWeh esa Hkh miyC/ gSaA blosQ fy, vki www.rbi.org osclkbV ij Hkh tk ldrs gSaA 2 vkfFkZd fodkl dh le>
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fodkl vFkok izxfr dh /kj.kk ges'kk ls gekjs lkFk gSA gekjh vkdka{kk,¡ vkSj bPNk,¡ gSa fd ge D;k djuk pkgrs gSa vkSj viuk thou oSQls thuk pkgrs gSaA blh rjg ge fopkj j[krs gSa fd dksbZ ns'k oSQlk gksuk pkfg,\ gesa fdu vfuok;Z oLrqvksa dh vko';drk gS\ D;k lHkh dk thou csgrj gks ldrk gS\ yksx fey&tqydj oSQls jg ldrs gSa\ D;k vkSj vf/d lekurk gks ldrh gS\ fodkl bu lHkh iz'uksa ij fopkj djus vkSj bu y{;ksa dks izkIr djus osQ mik;ksa ls tqM+k gSA ;g dke tfVy gS vkSj bl vè;k; esa ge
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course SOCIAL 3so taught by Professor Stevejoyce during the Fall '09 term at Central European University.

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Development new Hindi - f'kcfw_kd NOTES FOR fy, funsZ'k...

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