7 - yksdra=k osQ ifj.kke y ks d ra = k os Q ifj.kke vc tc...

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yksdra=k osQ ifj.kke 89 vè;k; 7 yksdra=k osQ ifj.kke ifjp; vc tc fd ge yksdra=k dh viuh ;k=kk osQ vkf[kjh iM+ko ij gSa rc fof'k"V ckrksa dh ppkZ ls vkxs tkus vkSj oqQN lkekU; fdLe osQ loky iwNus dk oDr vk x;k gS] tSls ;gh fd yksdra=k D;k djrk gS vFkok ;g fd yksdra=k ls ge veweu fdu ifj.kkeksa dh mEehn djrs gSa\ lkFk gh] ;g loky Hkh iwNk tk ldrk gS fd D;k okLrfod thou esa yksdra=k bu mEehnksa dks iwjk djrk gS\ yksdra=k osQ ifj.kkeksa dk ewY;kadu oSQls djsa \ ge bUgha ckrksa ls vè;k; dh 'kq#vkr djsaxsA bl fo"k; ij fopkj djus osQ ckjs esa oqQN ckrksa dks Li"V dj ysus osQ ckn ge bl ckr ij xkSj djsaxs fd fofHkUu ekeyksa eas yksdra=k ls oSQls ifj.kke okafNr gSa vkSj okLrfod èkjkry ij D;k ifj.kke vkrs gSaA blosQ fy, ge yksdra=k osQ fofHkUu igyqvksa elyu] 'kklu osQ Lo:i] vkfFkZd dY;k.k] lekurk] lkekftd varj vkSj Vdjko rFkk vkf[kj esa vk”kknh vkSj LokfHkeku tSls ekeyksa ij xkSj djsaxsA bl ryk'k esa gesa ldkjkRed ifj.kke feysaxs ysfdu bu ifj.kkeksa osQ lkFk dbZ loky vkSj 'kadk,¡ Hkh yxh gqbZ gSaA ;s loky vkSj vk'kadk,¡ gesa yksdra=k osQ lkeus [kM+h pqukSfr;ksa ij lkspus osQ fy, mdlkrh gSa ftl ij ge vxys vkSj vafre vè;k; esa fopkj djsaxsA
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90 yksdrkaf=kd jktuhfr yksdra=k osQ ifj.kkeksa dk ewY;kadu oSQls djsa\ D;k vkidks ;kn gS fd eSMe fyaxnksg dh d{kk esa Nk=kksa us yksdra=k osQ ckjs esa oSQlh ckrsa dh Fkha\ vkius bls d{kk 9 oQh ikB~;iqLrd osQ nwljs vè;k; esa i<+k FkkA bl ckrphr ls ;g urhtk fudyk Fkk fd yksdra=k 'kklu dh vU; O;oLFkkvksa ls csgrj gSA rkuk'kkgh vkSj vU; O;oLFkk,¡ ”;knk nks"kiw.kZ gSaA yksdra=k dks lcls csgrj crk;k x;k Fkk D;ksafd ;g z ukxfjdksa esa lekurk dks c<+kok nsrk gS_ z O;fDr oQh xfjek dks c<+krk gS_ z blls I + kSQlyksa esa csgrjh vkrh gS_ z nsrk gS_ vkSj z blesa xyfr;ksa dks lqèkkjus dh xqatkb'k gksrh gSA D;k ;s mEehnsa yksdrkaf=kd 'kklu O;oLFkkvksa ls iwjk gksrh gaS\ vius vklikl osQ yksxksa ls ckr djas rks ik,¡xs fd vfèkdka'k yksx vU; fdlh Hkh oSdfYid 'kklu O;oLFkk dh rqyuk esa yksdra=k dks ilan djrs gSaA ysfdu yksdrkaf=kd 'kklu osQ dkedkt ls larq"V gksus okyksa dh la[;k mruh cM+h ugha gksrhA lks] ge ,d nqfoèkk dh fLFkfr esa vk tkrs gSa% lS¼kafrd :i esa rks yksdra=k dks vPNk ekuk tkrk gS ij O;ogkj esa bls bruk vPNk ugha ekuk tkrkA bl nqfoèkk osQ pyrs yksdra=k osQ urhtksa ij ”;knk xgjkbZ ls fopkj djuk ”k:jh gks tkrk gSA D;k ge flI + kZQ uSfrd dkj.kksa ls gh yksdra=k dks ilan djrs gSa\ ;k fiQj] yksdra=k osQ leFkZu osQ ihNs oqQN ;qfDrijd dkj.k Hkh gSa\ vkt nqfu;k osQ lkS ns'k fdlh u fdlh rjg dh yksdrkaf=kd O;oLFkk pykus dk nkok djrs gSaA budk vkSipkfjd lafoèkku gS] buosQ ;gk¡ pquko gksrs gSa vkSj jktuhfrd ny Hkh gSaA lkFk gh] os vius ukxfjdksa dks oqQN cqfu;knh vfèkdkjksa dh xkjaVh nsrs gSaA yksdra=k osQ ;s rRo rks vfèkdka'k ns'kksa esa leku gSa ij lkekftd fLFkfr] viuh vkfFkZd miyfCèk vkSj viuh laLo`Qfr;ksa osQ ekeys esa + Li"V gS fd bu lcdk yksdrkaf=kd 'kklu O;oLFkk osQ urhtksa ij Hkh vlj iM+rk gS vkSj ,d txg tks miyfCèk gks og nwljh
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course SOCIAL 3so taught by Professor Stevejoyce during the Fall '09 term at Central European University.

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7 - yksdra=k osQ ifj.kke y ks d ra = k os Q ifj.kke vc tc...

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