CHAP 1 - v;k 1 jklk;fud vfHkf;k,oa lehdj.k ius nSfud thou...

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jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k, ¡ ,o a lehdj.k 1 vè;k; ius nSfud thou dh fuEufyf[kr ifjfLFkfr;ksa ij è;ku nhft, vkSj fopkj dhft, fd D;k gksrk gS tc XkfeZ;ksa esa dejs osQ rki ij nwèk dks [kqyk NksM+ fn;k tkrk gSA yk sg s dk [email protected]@dhy dk s vkn z Z ok; qe aMy e s a [k qyk Nk sM + fn;k tkrk gSA vaxwj dk fd.ou gks tkrk gSA Hkkstu Ikdk;k tkrk gSA gekjk 'kjhj Hkkstu dks Ikpk ysrk gSA ge lk¡l ysrs gSaA bu lHkh IkfjfLFkfr;k s a e s a Ik zkj afHkd oLr q dh Ik zd `fr rFkk Ikgpku d qN u d qN cny tkrh g SA IknkFk Z o sQ Hkk Sfrd rFkk jklk;fud ifjor Zuk s a o sQ ckj s e s a ge fiNyh d{kkvk s a e s a i< + p qo sQ g S aA tc dk sb Z jklk;fud ifjor Zu gk srk g S rk s ge dg ldr s g S a fd ,d jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k g qb Z g SA vki 'kk;n lk sp jg s gk s axs fd jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k dk okLrfod vFk Z D;k g SA ge o SQl s tku ldr s g S a fd dk sb Z jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k g qb Z g S\ bu Ik z'uk s a o sQ mÙkj Ikku s o sQ fy, vkb, ge d qN fØ;kdyki djr s g S aA fp=k 1-1 eSXuhf'k;e fjcu dk ok;q esa ngu dj eSXuhf'k;e vkWDlkbM dks okWp Xykl esa bdêòk djuk fØ;kdyki 1-1 lkoèkkuh% bl fØ;kdyki esa f'k{kd osQ lg;ksx dh vko';drk gSA lqj{kk osQ fy, Nk=k vk¡[kksa ij p'ek igu ysa rks mfpr gksxkA yxHkx 2 cm yacs e SXuhf'k;e fjcu dks jsxeky ls jxM+dj lki + Q dj yhft,A bl s fpeV s l s idM +dj fLifjV y S ai ;k cu Zj l s bldk ngu dfj, rFkk blls cuh jk[k dk s ok Wp Xykl e s a bdêòk dj yhft, t Slk fd fp=k 1-1 e s a fn[kk;k x;k g SA e SXuhf'k;e fjcu dk ngu djr s le; bl s viuh vk ¡[kk s a l s ;Fkkl aHko n wj jf[k,A vkius D;k izs{k.k fd;k\ fpeVk eSXuhf'k;e fjcu okWp Xykl eSXuhf'k;e vkWDlkbM cuZj v
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foKku 2 fp=k 1-2 nkusnkj tLrs Ikj ruq lYÝ + ;wfjd vEy dh vfHkfØ;k ls gkbMªkstu xSl dk fuekZ.k Åij fn, x, rhuksa fØ;kdykiksa osQ vkèkkj ij ge dg ldrs g Sa fd fuEu fdlh Hkh i zs{k.k dh lgk;rk ls ge fuèkk Zfjr dj ldrs g Sa fd ,d jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k gqb Z g S& voLFkk esa ifjor Zu jax esa ifjor Zu x Sl dk [email protected] Zu rkieku esa ifjor Zu ;fn ge vius vklikl gks jgs Ikfjor Zuksa dks ns[ksa] rks Ikk,¡xs fd gekjs pkjksa vksj fofoèk Ikzdkj dh jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k,¡ gks jgh gSaA bl vè;k; esa ge fofHkUu Ikzdkj dh jklk;fud vfHkfØ;kvksa vkSj muosQ Ik zrhdkRed fu:i.k dk vè;;u djsaxsA 1.1 jklk;fud lehdj.k fØ;kdyki 1-1 dk fooj.k% tc vkWDlhtu dh mifLFkfr esa e SXuhf'k;e fjcu dk ngu gksrk gS rc ;g eSXuhf'k;e vkWDlkbM esa IkfjofrZr gks tkrk gSA okD; osQ :Ik esa fdlh jklk;fud vfHkfØ;k dk fooj.k cgqr yack gks tkrk gSA bls laf{kIr :Ik esa Hkh fy[kk tk ldrk gSA bls 'kCn&lehdj.k osQ :Ik esa fy[kuk lcls ljyre fofèk gSA Åij nh xb Z vfHkfØ;k dk 'kCn&lehdj.k bl Ikzdkj gksxk% eSXuhf'k;e $ vkWDlhtu eSXuhf'k;e vkWDlkbM (1-1) (vfHkdkjd) (mRikn) vfHkfØ;k (1-1) esa eSXuhf'k;e rFkk vkWDlhtu ,sls inkFkZ gSa ftuesa jklk;fud ifjorZu gksrk gS] bUgsa vfHkdkjd dgrs gSaA bl vfHkfØ;k ls ,d u, inkFkZ e SXuhf'k;e vkWDlkbM dk fuek Z.k gksrk g S] bls mRikn dgrs g SaA fØ;kdyki 1-3 ,d 'kaDokdkj Ý + ykLd ;k Ikj[kuyh esa oqQN nkusnkj ¯td yhft,A blesa ruq gkbMªksDyksfjd vEy ;k lYÝ + ;wfjd vEy feyk nhft, (fp=k 1-2) lkoèkkuh% vEy dk bLrseky lkoèkkuh ls dhft,A
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