CHAP 4 - v;k; 4 dkcZu ,oa mlosQ ;kSfxd fi Nys v;k; esa geus...

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foKku 64 dkcZu ,oa mlosQ ;kSfxd 4 vè;k; Nys vè;k; esa geus vusd ,sls ;kSfxdksa dk vè;;u fd;k gS tks gekjs fy, egRoiw.kZ gSaA bl vè;k; esa ge dqN vU; jkspd ;kSfxdksa ,oa muosQ xq.kèkeks± osQ ckjs esa i<+saxsA ;gk¡ ge ,d rRo osQ :i esa dkcZu dk Hkh vè;;u djsaxs ftldk gekjs fy, rkfRod ,oa la;qDr nksuksa :iksa esa vR;fèkd egÙo gksrk gSA èkkrq ls cuh dk¡p@feV~Vh ls vU; oLrq,¡ cuh oLrq,¡ fØ;kdyki 4-1 ± lqcg ls vkius ftu oLrqvksa dk mi;ksx vFkok miHkksx fd;k gks] muesa ls nl oLrqvksa dh lwph cukb,A ± bl lwph dks vius lgikfB;ksa }kjk cukbZ lwph osQ lkFk feykb, rFkk lHkh oLrqvksa dks fuEufyf[kr lkj.kh eas oxhZÑr dhft,A ± ,d ls vfèkd lkefxz;ksa ls cuh oLrqvksa dks mi;qDr LrEHkksa esa jf[k,A vafre LraHk esa vkus okyh oLrqvksa ij è;ku nhft,μvkiosQ f'k{kd vkidks crk,¡xs fd buesa ls vfèkdka'k oLrq,¡ dkcZu osQ ;kSfxdksa ls cuh gSaA bldk ijh{k.k djus osQ fy, D;k vki dksbZ fofèk lksp ldrs gSa\ dkcZu ls ;qDr ;kSfxd dks tykus ij D;k mRikn feysxk\ D;k vki bldh iqf"V djus okys fdlh ijh{k.k dks tkurs gSa\ vkiosQ }kjk lwphc¼ dh xbZ Hkkstu] diM+s] nokvksa] iqLrdksa] vkfn vusd oLrq,¡ bl loZrkseq[kh rRo dkcZu ij vkèkkfjr gksrh gSaA buosQ vfrfjDr] lHkh ltho lajpuk,¡ dkcZu ij vkèkkfjr gksrh gSaA HkwiiZVh rFkk ok;qeaMy esa vR;ar vYi ek=kk esa dkcZu mifLFkr gSA HkwiiZVh esa [kfutksa (tSls dkcksZusV] gkbMªkstudkcksZusV] dks;yk ,oa isVªksfy;e) osQ :i esa osQoy 0-02» dkcZu mifLFkr gS rFkk ok;qeaMy esa 0-03» dkcZu MkbvkWDlkbM mifLFkr gSA çÑfr esa bruh vYi ek=kk esa dkcZu mifLFkr gksus osQ ckotwn dkcZu dk vR;fèkd egÙo gSA bl vè;k; esa ge dkcZu osQ bu xq.kksa dk vè;;u djsaxs ftuosQ iQyLo:i ;g vlkekU;rk,¡ gqb±A 4.1 4.1 dkcZu esa vkcaèkuμlgla;ksth vkcaèk fiNys vè;k; esa geus vk;fud ;kSfxdksa osQ xq.kèkeks± dk vè;;u fd;kA geus ns[kk fd vk;fud ;kSfxdksa osQ xyukad ,oa DoFkukad mPp gksrs gSa rFkk ;s foy;u esa vFkok fi
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dkcZu ,oa mlosQ ;kSfxd 65 xfyr voLFkk esa fo|qr pkyu djrs gSaA geus ns[kk fd vk;fud ;kSfxdksa esa vkcaèku dh çÑfr bu xq.kèkeks± dh O;k[;k djrh gSA lkj.kh 4-1 esa dqN dkcZu ;kSfxdksa osQ xyukad ,oa DoFkukad fn, x, gSaA tSlk fd geus vè;k; 2 esa ns[kk] vfèkdka'k dkcZu ;kSfxd vPNs fo|qr pkyd ugha gksrs gSaA mijksDr ;kSfxdksa osQ DoFkukad ,oa xyukadksa osQ vk¡dM+ksa osQ vkèkkj ij ge bl fu"d"kZ ij igq¡p ldrs gSa fd bu ijek.kqvksa osQ chp izcy vkd"kZ.k cy ugha gSA pw¡fd vfèkdka'kr% ;s ;kSfxd fo|qr osQ dqpkyd gksrs gSa] vr% ge bl fu"d"kZ ij igq¡p ldrs gSa fd bu ;kSfxdksa osQ vkcaèku ls fdlh vk;u dh mRifÙk ugha gksrhA d{kk 9 esa geus fofHkUu rRoksa dh la;kstu {kerk rFkk la;kstdrk bysDVªkWuksa dh la[;k ij budh fuHkZjrk osQ ckjs esa vè;;u fd;kA vc ge dkcZu osQ bysDVªkWfud foU;kl osQ ckjs esa vè;;u djsaxsA dkcZu dh ijek.kq la[;k 6 gSA dkcZu osQ fofHkUu d{kksa esa bysDVªkWuksa dk forj.k dSls gksxk\ dkcZu esa fdrus la;kstdrk bysDVªkWu gksaxs\ ge tkurs gSa fd ckgjh dks'k dks iwjh rjg ls Hkj nsus vFkkZr mRÑ"V xSl foU;kl dks izkIr djus dh izo`fÙk osQ vkèkkj ij rRoksa dh vfHkfØ;k'khyrk le>k;h tkrh gSA vk;fud ;kSfxd cukus okys rRo lcls ckgjh dks'k ls bysDVªkWu izkIr djosQ ;k
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CHAP 4 - v;k; 4 dkcZu ,oa mlosQ ;kSfxd fi Nys v;k; esa geus...

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