CHAP 5_H - 11 v;k; 5 rRokas dk vkorZ oxhZdj.k ukS oha...

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foKku 88 rRokas dk vkorZ oxhZdj.k 5 vè;k; oha d{kk esa geus lh[kk fd gekjs vklikl osQ inkFkZ rRo] feJ.k ,oa ;kSfxd osQ :Ik esa mifLFkr jgrs gSaA geus ;g Hkh lh[kk fd rRo ,d gh Ikzdkj osQ Ikjek.kqvksa ls cus gksrs gSaA D;k vki tkurs gSa fd vkt rd fdrus rRoksa dk Ikrk py pqdk gS\ vkt rd gesa 114 rRoksa dh tkudkjh gSA lu~ 1800 rd osQoy 30 rRoksa dk Ikrk pyk FkkA bu lHkh rRoksa dh laHkor% fHkUu&fHkUu fo'ks"krk,¡ FkhaA tSls&tSls fofHkUu rRoksa dh [kkst gks jgh Fkh] oSKkfud bu rRoksa osQ xq.kèkeks± osQ ckjs esa vfèkd ls vfèkd tkudkjh ,d=k djus yxsA mUgsa rRoksa dh bu tkudkfj;ksa dks O;ofLFkr djuk cM+k gh dfBu yxkA mUgksaus bu xq.kèkeks± esa ,d ,slk Ikzfr:Ik <w¡<+uk vkjaHk fd;k ftlosQ vkèkkj Ikj brus lkjs rRoksa dk vklkuh ls vè;;u fd;k tk losQA 5.1 vO;ofLFkr dks O;ofLFkr djukμrRoksa osQ oxhZdj.k osQ IkzkjafHkd Ikz;kl geus Ik<+k fd dSls fofHkUu oLrqvksa ,oa Ikzkf.k;ksa dks muosQ xq.kèkeks± osQ vkèkkj Ikj oxhZÑr fd;k tk ldrk gSA vU; fLFkfr;ksa esa Hkh gesa xq.kèkeks± osQ vkèkkj Ikj O;ofLFkr gksus osQ mnkgj.k feyrs gSaA tSls] nqdkuksa esa lkcquksa dks ,d lkFk ,d LFkku Ikj j[kk tkrk gS] tcfd fcLoqQVksa dks ,d LkkFk nwljs LFkku Ikj j[kk tkrk gSA ;gk¡ rd fd lkcquksa esa Hkh] ugkus osQ lkcqu dks diM+k èkksus osQ lkcqu ls vyx j[kk tkrk gSA blh Ikzdkj oSKkfudksa us Hkh rRoksa dks muosQ xq.kèkeks± osQ vkèkkj Ikj oxhZd`r djus osQ dbZ Ikz;kl fd, rkfd vO;ofLFkr dks O;ofLFkr fd;k losQA lcls igys] Kkr rRoksa dks èkkrq ,oa vèkkrq esa oxhZd`r fd;k x;kA tSls&tSls rRoksa ,oa muosQ xq.kèkeksaZ osQ ckjs esa gekjk Kku c<+rk x;k] oSls&oSls mUgsa oxhZd`r djus osQ Ikz;kl fd, x,A 5.1.1 5.1.1 MkWcsjkbuj ds f=kd lu~ 1817 esa teZu jlk;uK] oqYiQxkax MkWcsjkbuj us leku xq.kèkeks± okys rRoksa dks lewgksa esa O;ofLFkr djus dk iz;kl fd;kA mUgksaus rhu&rhu rRo okys oqQN lewgksa dks 11 ukS
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rRoksa dk vkorZ oxhZdj.k 89 pquk ,oa mu lewgksa dks f=kd dgkA MkWcsjkbuj us crk;k fd f=kd osQ rhuksa rRoksa dks muosQ Ikjek.kq nzO;eku osQ vkjksgh Øe esa j[kus ij chp okys rRo dk Ikjek.kq nzO;eku] vU; nks rRoksa osQ Ikjek.kq nzO;eku dk yxHkx vkSlr gksrk gSA mnkgj.k osQ fy,] yhfFk;e (Li), lksfM;e (Na) ,oa IkksVSf'k;e (K) okys f=kd ij è;ku nhft,] ftuosQ Ikjek.kq nzO;eku Øe'k% 6.9, 23.0 rFkk 39.0 gSaA yhfFk;e ,oa IkksVSf'k;e osQ Ikjek.kq nzO;ekuksa dk vkSlr D;k gS\ lksfM;e osQ Ikjek.kq nzO;eku ls bldh rqyuk dSls dh tk ldrh gS\ fuEu lkj.kh 5.1 esa rhu rRoksa osQ oqQN lewg fn, x, gSaA bu rRoksa dks Ikjek.kq nzO;eku osQ vkjksgh Øe esa Åij ls uhps dh vksj O;ofLFkr fd;k x;k gSA D;k vki crk ldrs gSa fd buesa ls dkSu&lk lewg MkWcsjkbuj f=kd cukrk gSA lkj.kh 5.1 lewg A Ikjek.kq lewg B Ikjek.kq lewg C Ikjek.kq osQ rRo nzO;eku osQ rRo nzO;eku osQ rRo nzO;eku N 14.0 Ca 40.1 Cl 35.5 P 31.0 Sr 87.6 Br 79.9 As 74.9 Ba 137.3 I 126.9 lkj.kh 5-2 MkWcsjkbuj f=kd tksgkUu oqYiQxkax MkWcsjkbuj us teZuh osQ E;wU'kcxZ esa vkS"kfèk foKku dh Ik<+kbZ dh vkSj mlosQ ckn LVªSlcxZ esa jlk;u 'kkL=k dk vè;;u fd;kA fiQj os tsuk fo'ofo|ky; esa jlk;u ,oa vkS"kfèk foKku osQ izksi + sQlj cu x,A mUgksaus gh lcls igys IySfVue dks mRizsjd osQ :i esa igpkuk rFkk leku f=kd dh [kkst dh ftlls rRoksa oQh vkorZ lkj.kh dk fodkl gqvkA Li
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CHAP 5_H - 11 v;k; 5 rRokas dk vkorZ oxhZdj.k ukS oha...

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