CHAP 16_H - 298 foKku fØ;kdyki 16-2 izkÑfrd lalkèkuksa...

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Unformatted text preview: 298 foKku fØ;kdyki 16-2 izkÑfrd lalkèkuksa dk izcaèku fØ;kdyki 16-1 ¡ ,sls vusd laxBu gSa tks i;kZoj.k osQ izfr tkx:drk iSQykus esa yxs gSaA os ,sls fØ;kdykiksa dk Hkh izksRlkgu djrs gSa ftlls gekjs i;kZoj.k ,oa izkÑfrd laj{k.k dks c<+kok feyrk gSA vius vklikl osQ {ks=k@[email protected]@xk¡o esa dk;Z djus okys laxBuksa osQ ckjs esa tkudkjh izkIr dhft,A ¡ irk yxkb, fd bl mís'; dh izkfIr osQ fy, vki D;k ;ksxnku ns ldrs gSaA lalkèkuksa osQ vfoosdiw.kZ nksgu (fu%'ks"k.k) ls mRiUu leL;kvksa osQ fo"k; esa tkx:drk gekjs lekt esa vis{kko`Qr ,d u;k vk;ke gSA tc ;g tkx:drk c<+rh ¡ dkcZu MkbvkWDlkbM osQ mRltZu osQ fofu;eu osQ fy, varjkZ"Vªh; ekud dk irk yxkb,A ¡ bl fo"k; ij d{kk esa ppkZ dhft, fd ge bu ekudksa dks izkIr djus gsrq fdl izdkj lg;ksx dj ldrs gSa\ {kk 9 esa geus izkÑfrd lalkèkuksa tSls fd e`nk] ok;q ,oa ty osQ ckjs esa i<+k rFkk ;g Hkh tkuk fd fofHkUu la?kVdksa dk izÑfr esa ckj&ckj pØ.k fdl izdkj gksrk gS\ fiNys vè;k; esa geus ;g Hkh i<+k fd gekjs fØ;kdykiksa ls bu lalkèkuksa dk iznw"k.k gks jgk gSA bl vè;k; esa ge dqN lalkèkuksa osQ ckjs esa tkusaxs rFkk ;g Hkh tkusaxs fd ge fdl izdkj mudk mi;ksx dj jgs gSa\ gks ldrk gS ge ;g Hkh lkspsa fd gesa vius lalkèkuksa dk mi;ksx bl izdkj djuk pkfg, ftlls lalkèkuksa dk laiks"k.k gks losQ vkSj ge vius i;kZoj.k dk laj{k.k Hkh dj losQaA ge ou] oU; thou] ty] dks;yk rFkk isVªksfy;e tSls izkÑfrd lalkèkuksa dh ppkZ djsaxs rFkk mu leL;kvksa ij Hkh fopkj djsaxs fd laiksf"kr fodkl gsrq bu lalkèkuksa dk izcaèku fdl izdkj fd;k tk,\ ge vDlj gh i;kZoj.kh; leL;kvksa osQ ckjs esa lqurs ;k i<+rs gSaA ;g vfèkdrj oSf'od leL;k,¡ gSa rFkk buosQ lekèkku vFkok ifjorZu esa ge vius vkidks vlgk; ikrs gSaA buosQ fy, vusd varjkZ"Vªh; dkuwu ,oa fofu;eu gSa rFkk gekjs ns'k esa Hkh i;kZoj.k laj{k.k gsrq vusd dkuwu gSaA vusd jk"Vªh; ,oa varjkZ"Vªh; laxBu Hkh i;kZoj.k laj{k.k gsrq dk;Z dj jgs gSaA 16 299 izkÑfrd lalkèkuksa dk izcaèku fp=k 16-1 xaxk ty esa dksfyiQkWeZ dk laiw.kZ x.kuk Lrj (1993&1994) gS rks dqN u dqN dne Hkh mBk, tkrs gSaA vkius xaxk li + QkbZ ;kstuk osQ fo"k; esa vo'; gh lquk gksxkA dbZ djksM+ dh ;g ;kstuk djhc 1985 esa blfy, izkjaHk dh xbZ D;ksafd xaxk osQ ty dh xq.koÙkk cgqr de gks xbZ Fkh (fp=k 16-1)A dksfyiQkeZ thok.kq dk ,d oxZ gS tks ekuo dh vka=k esa ik;k tkrk gS] ty esa bldh mifLFkfr] bl jksxtU; lw{e thok.kq }kjk ty dk lanwf"kr gksuk n'kkZrk gSA xaxk dk iznw"k.k xaxk fgeky; esa fLFkr vius mnxe xaxks=kh ls caxky dh [kkM+h esa xaxk lkxj rd 2500 km rd dh ;k=kk djrh gSA blosQ fdukjs fLFkr mÙkj izns'k] fcgkj rFkk caxky osQ 100 ls Hkh vfèkd uxjksa us bls ,d ukys esa cny fn;k gSA bldk eq[; dkj.k bu uxjksa }kjk mRlftZr dpjk ,oa ey dk blesa izokfgr fd;k tkuk gSA blosQ vfrfjDr ekuo osQ vU; fØ;kdyki gSaμugkuk] diM+s èkksuk] e`r O;fDr;ksa dh jk[k ,oa 'koksa dks cgkukA ;gh ugha m|ksxksa }kjk mRikfnr jklk;fud mRltZu us xaxk dk iznw"k.k&Lrj bruk c<+k fn;k gS fd blosQ fo"kSys vkfn vU; dkj.k gSaA blls ty esa eNfy;k¡ ejus yxhaA D;k vki tkurs gSa\ u/s Íf"kosQ"k d/s gfj}kj x<+eqÙksQ'oj ujkSjk...
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course SCIENCE 3SE taught by Professor Johnmanual during the Fall '09 term at Central European University.

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CHAP 16_H - 298 foKku fØ;kdyki 16-2 izkÑfrd lalkèkuksa...

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