Abrahamic_Religions - Abrahamic Religions Similarities...

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Abrahamic Religions Dr. Zulfiqar Shah
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Commonalities Due to their common ancestry Judaism, Christianity and Islam share many similarities. The Semitic traditions are classified as monotheistic religions. These are the “People of Book” as they have their own distinctive Holy Scriptures. Hebrew Bible is shared by Judaism and Christianity and there are multiple biblical stories found in the Qur’an though with some variants and with changed focus. Judaism and Islam share many biblical prophets. In fact 26 of the “Hebrew Prophets” along with their stories are mentioned in the Qur’an.
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Commonalities These prophetic traditions have ethical orientation and eschatological outlook. Emphasize upon the observance of divine law for human salvation is also common among many Jews and Muslims. Judaism and Islam prescribe circumcision and strict dietary laws. Both the traditions prescribe daily worship/prayers ( Avodah and Salat ) and specified amount of charity ( Tzedakah and Zakat ).
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Christianity and Islam share Jesus, his virgin birth hence veneration for Mary, his mission, his miracles and, to an extent, his resurrection and second coming.
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Differences In reality many terms such as monotheism, scripture, prophets, law, salvation and eternal life carry quite different meanings in these faith traditions. In spite of the fact that all three share Abraham as a patriarch, they differ about his exact world view and belief system. The Qura’n maintains that Abraham was the stalwart of ethical monotheism and a staunch opponent of polytheism in all its forms. The Holy Bible portrays him as possibly a monotheist but most probably as a polytheist. Many modern biblical scholars agree that the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) clearly depicts Abraham as worshipping gods other than Elohim.
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Defining Monotheism The unity of God or monotheism "is the belief in one unique god to the exclusion of any other divinity. Its absolute and exclusive character distinguishes it from monolatry which is the belief of a group of men in god, recognized as the only legitimate god of the group, but who concede the existence of other divinities adored by other peoples."
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Say, 'God speaks the truth, then follow the faith of Abraham, a monotheist, who was not of the idolaters.' (3:95) Say, 'As for me, my Lord has guided me to the right way, a right religion,--the faith of Abraham the monotheist, for he was not of the idolaters.' (7:161-162)
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All Patriarchs “verily, I have left the faith of a people who do not believe in God, while in the future too they disbelieve. And I have followed the faith of my fathers, Abraham and Isaac and Jacob; we could not associate aught with God; that is from God's grace upon us and upon men: but most men give not thanks.” (12:38)
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All Patriarchs There is a goodly pattern for you in Abraham and those with him, when they told their folk: Lo! we are guiltless of you
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Abrahamic_Religions - Abrahamic Religions Similarities...

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