CH 15 EASTERN PHILOSOPHY - Eastern Philosophy Eastern...

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Eastern Philosophy
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Hinduism Buddhism Islamic Philosophy Taoism Confucianism Zen Buddhism The way of the Warrior- Samurai
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Hinduism Vedas Vishnu
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Hinduism The term refers to the collect faiths that originated in India. Hinduism does not have a clear origin. There is not one “holy book” or text. There is not a single founder.
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Shaivism Shiva- The supreme being and creator of the universe. Parvati, Sakti- wife Ganesha-child Nandi- Bull
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Saktism Sakti- wife of Siva, the female part of the universe. Destroyer or destructive force in this realm.
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Vaisnavism Vishnu- Is a personal god. Protector in this realm The Buddha was an incarnation of the God Vishnu according to Hindus.
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Vedas “Those who know it, do not speak it… Those who speak it, do not know it.”
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Vedic Scriptures Are writing that reveal the hidden nature of reality. The Vedas were the religious writings of the Aryans, a nomadic people that invaded India in the around 1500 B.C. Hold the universe to be one, monism.
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What is the meaning of Life? According to some versions of Hinduism the purpose of life is to find enlightenment. Most people cannot discover these truths in one lifetime- as such we are reincarnated.
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Samsara Samsara- The cycle of birth and death. Humans are basically good, but are caught up in a cycle of desire of and suffering that is a direct result of ignorance and ego. Humans are tormented by many desires. Desire is the root of evil.
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Karma Actions we perform today can have consequences for us far into the future… all of our actions will eventually have consequences.
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Nirvana Nirvana- permanent liberation from life Liberation from the cycle of samsara, we cease to exist and become one with the universe.
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Buddhism Buddha Four Noble Truths Eightfold Path
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Buddhism A philosophical tradition, founded by Gautama Siddhartha Buddha in the fifth century b.c., that took on various forms as a religion and spread throughout Asia; It is a branch of Hinduism Buddhism attempts to help the individual conquer the suffering and mutability of human existence through the elimination of desire and ego and attainment of the state of nirvana.
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Eightfold Path The way or practice recommended in Buddhism that includes: Right View, Right Aim, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Living, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Contemplation.
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Four Noble Truths Buddha's answer to the central problem of life (1) There is suffering; (2) suffering has specific and identifiable causes; (3) suffering can be ended; (4) the way to end suffering is through enlightened living, as expressed in the Eightfold Path.
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For some Buddist, this plane of existence is not the only one.
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Econnorm during the Spring '11 term at Art Institutes Intl. Minnesota.

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CH 15 EASTERN PHILOSOPHY - Eastern Philosophy Eastern...

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