Nomenclature Flowchart

Nomenclature Flowchart - Polyatomic Compounds Simply name...

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NOMENCLATURE Polyatomic Compounds (over) Binary Compounds M etal + N onmetal (1) Metal only has 1 possible oxidation state: Metal Name + Nonmetal Stem + ide (2) Transition metals having more than 1 possible oxidation state: Metal Name + Nonmetal Stem + ide Ox. state using Roman Numerals N onmetal + N onmetal 1 st Nonmetal Name + + ide 2 nd Nonmetal Stem Greek Prefix Greek Prefix Greek Prefixes 1 mono- 6 hexa- 2 di- 7 hepta- 3 tri- 8 octa- 4 tetra- 9 nona- 5 penta- 10 deca- ‘H’ + N onmetal (1) Compound is a gas ( g ): Hydrogen + Nonmetal Stem + ide (2) Compound is aqueous ( aq ): Hydro + Nonmetal Stem + ic acid H 2 S( g ): hydrogen sulfide gas H 2 S( aq ): hydrosulfuric acid
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Unformatted text preview: Polyatomic Compounds Simply name each ion. NH 4 Cl: ammonium chloride (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 : ammonium carbonate Cation + Anion H + Poly. Anion = Oxyacid * Must learn parent acids then: Monatomic Anion Poly. Anion NaClO 3 sodium chlorate FeSO 4 iron(II) sulfate Acid: 1 more oxygen than parent: per _____ic acid Parent : _____ic acid 1 less oxygen than parent: _____ous acid 2 less oxygens than parent: hypo_____ous acid When Hs are removed, the names of several anions may be derived: per _____ic becomes per _____ate _____ic becomes _____ate _____ous becomes _____ite hypo ____ous becomes hypo ____ite Poly. Cation Monatomic Cation...
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course CHEM 4A taught by Professor Apriladrian during the Spring '11 term at UC Merced.

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Nomenclature Flowchart - Polyatomic Compounds Simply name...

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