The Theory of Evolution and Charles Darwin

The Theory of Evolution and Charles Darwin - G. First Tour...

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The Theory of Evolution and Charles Darwin I. Introduction A. Theory of evolution had powerful repercussions on science, philosophy, and religion B. 1785 James Hutton, earth’s development by natural causes C. 1833 Sir Charles Lyell, Principles of Geology D. 1800’s Jean Baptiste Lamarck, organisms change to adapt to the changing environment, Ex: giraffe E. 1809-1882 Charles Darwin II. Charles Robert Darwin A. Born in England, Feb. 12, 1809 – father a physician and also grandfather B. Mother died when he was 8 years old – raised and pampered by aunts, sisters, and the large Wedgewood family C. In school, he enjoyed collecting specimens and chemical investigations. This led to conflict with the headmaster who stressed the classics. D. Age 16 went to study medicine at University of Edinburgh; repulsed by surgery without anesthetics. E. Father sent him to University of Cambridge to study divinity. F. Professor John Stevens Henslow, a cleric and botanist encouraged Darwin.
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Unformatted text preview: G. First Tour 1832 Age 22, at the recommendation of Henslow, Darwin went on a three week tour with geology professor at Cambridge to study geologic formations in North Wales H. Second Tour HMS Beagle August 1831, age 22, went on a study to the Americas to study chronometric stations. (The study of time) For five years he studied geologic and biologic specimens. 1. Shells 45 feet above the base of the sea cliffs. 2. Witnessed earthquakes in Chile 3. Examined islands which seemed to be formed from volcanic events 4. Found fossil shells at 12,000 feet of extinct species I. Returned to England in 1836, and welcomed by the scientific world. Note books - species problem J. Thomas Malthus An Essay on the Principle of Population This results in Darwins principle of natural selection K. Nov. 24,, 1859, first issue of On the Origin of Species by means of Natural Selection L. Clergy reacted. M. 1871 the Descent of Man...
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