Formation of the Greek People

Formation of the Greek People - C Mycenaeans(2000-1600-1100...

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Formation of the Greek People A. Pelasgians (6000-2000) 1. Earliest inhabitants of Greece 2. So called by Herodotus 3. Barbarians, non-Hellenes, non-Greeks 4. Inhabited Attica and Peloponnesus 5. Farmers, small villages 6. Invaded and destroyed in 2000 B.C. by invaders from the North, Eastern Asia – Ionians, Hellenes, Aryans, Greeks, Mycenaeans B. Minoans (2800-1400 B.C.) 1. Island of Crete, barbarians 2. Ruled by King Minos – Minoan Civilization 3. Knossos (Cnossos), capital city a. Unfortified city – Navy b. Excavated by Sir Arthur Evans around 1900 A.D. c. Palace – with a central court yard on a N-S axis d. Frescoes – bright colors, peaceful, no portraits e. Baths and drains f. Bull horns g. Minataur – half bull and half man, lived in a labyrinth, fed 7 young boys and 7 young girls from Athens h. Bull jumping i. Tapered columns j. Throne Room k. No temples l. Mother Goddess 4. 1450 B.C. Mycenaean invasion 5. 1400 B.C. Earthquake at Thera, destruction of Minoan Civilization
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Unformatted text preview: C. Mycenaeans (2000-1600-1100) 1. Hellenes, Mycenaeans, Ionians, Greeks, non-barbarians 2. Entered Greece around 2000 B.C., destroyed the Pelasgians, created a fortified city of Mycenae – Mycenaean Civilization 3. Heinrich Schliemann – excavated Troy and Mycenae in 1870 A.D. a. City walls – 15’ thick and 50’ high b. Gold masks c. Lion Gate d. Tholos tombs with corbel-vaulted ceilings e. Megaron – entrance porch, a vestibule (lobby), and a large hall with a central hearth and a throne 4. Male gods 5. Invaded Crete in 1450 B.C. 6. Invaded and destroyed Troy in 1200 B.C. 7. 1100 B.C. Dorian Invasion a. Dorians – Hellenes, Greeks, Greek speakers b. Destroyed Mycenaean Civilization – every Ionian city except Athens c. Ushered in the Dark Ages from 1100-700 B.C. – resulting in democracy, Greek religion, and intellectual communities...
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course HUMANITIES 2220 taught by Professor Elizabetheschbach during the Winter '08 term at Valencia.

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Formation of the Greek People - C Mycenaeans(2000-1600-1100...

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