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The Philosophers - The Philosophers I Socrates 470-399 B.C...

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The Philosophers I. Socrates 470-399 B.C. A. Athenian philosopher and moralist B. Wrote no philosophy, but profoundly influenced the development of Greek philosophy. C. Few sources of his life and work 1. Some remarks by Aristotle, who was born 15 years after Socrates’ death. 2. The Clouds by Aristophanes, written in 423 when Socrates was 47. 3. Plato’s writings 4. Other literary fragments D. Parents, Athenian citizens. 1. Mother was a midwife 2. Father was a sculptor or a stonemason 3. Wealthy E. Married late in like and had three sons. F. Had little concern for material things (money, property, etc.) and in later life he was extremely poor. G. Server in three military efforts and was recognized for his courage. H. Socratic method of learning. You do not begin to learn until you realize that you know nothing. I. Primary concern was ethics J. Taught in the Agora K. No interest in political affairs, but served in civic duties and governing councils.
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