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The Polis - 1 acro = hill 2 polis = city 3 Acropolis = city...

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The Polis (HUM 2220) I. Introduction A. Polis translated as “city-state” B. “City-state” does not present a clear understanding 1. metropolis 2. Use of term polis in today’s world 3. cities so named II. What is a polis? A. In the Iliad, kings ruled over cities and kingdoms B. After “Dark Ages” a different picture 1. kings have disappeared 2. kingdoms have gone 3. Greece occupied with numerous towns with territories 4. Size of cities with territories vary greatly a. Plato - 5000 citizens b. Aristotle – able to know all citizens c. Only three cities had more than 20,000 citizens – Athens was one III. Formation of the towns A. small settlement on the top of a hill or mountain 1. for vision of oncoming enemy 2. for protection in fighting B. king lives and reigns on highest point – Acropolis
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Unformatted text preview: 1. acro = hill 2. polis = city 3. Acropolis = city on a hill C. just below the highest point, the central market place – Agora D. most Greeks were farmers but preferred to live in town – fellowship and social life E. towns were independent units due to physical barriers of the land F. walls were built around the town IV. Polis as a “shared community” A. Polis should be seen as people instead of a state B. Everyone’s duty to help the polis C. Everyone know the value of the farms, the process of the economy; thus everyone was needed D. Polis means the communal life of the people – political, moral, cultural, religious, etc. E. Aristotle – “Man is a creature who lives in a polis.”...
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