The Polis - 1. acro = hill 2. polis = city 3. Acropolis =...

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The Polis (HUM 2220) I. Introduction A. Polis translated as “city-state” B. “City-state” does not present a clear understanding 1. metropolis 2. Use of term polis in today’s world 3. cities so named II. What is a polis? A. In the Iliad, kings ruled over cities and kingdoms B. After “Dark Ages” a different picture 1. kings have disappeared 2. kingdoms have gone 3. Greece occupied with numerous towns with territories 4. Size of cities with territories vary greatly a. Plato - 5000 citizens b. Aristotle – able to know all citizens c. Only three cities had more than 20,000 citizens – Athens was one III. Formation of the towns A. small settlement on the top of a hill or mountain 1. for vision of oncoming enemy 2. for protection in fighting B. king lives and reigns on highest point – Acropolis
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Unformatted text preview: 1. acro = hill 2. polis = city 3. Acropolis = city on a hill C. just below the highest point, the central market place Agora D. most Greeks were farmers but preferred to live in town fellowship and social life E. towns were independent units due to physical barriers of the land F. walls were built around the town IV. Polis as a shared community A. Polis should be seen as people instead of a state B. Everyones duty to help the polis C. Everyone know the value of the farms, the process of the economy; thus everyone was needed D. Polis means the communal life of the people political, moral, cultural, religious, etc. E. Aristotle Man is a creature who lives in a polis....
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course HUMANITIES 2220 taught by Professor Elizabetheschbach during the Winter '08 term at Valencia.

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