NLA5 - 11/28/2011 1 2 Language Diversity 7 Variable that...

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11/28/2011 1 Language Diversity 7 Variable that Influence Language Acquisition ¾ 1) Race and ethnicity ¾ 2) social class, education, and occupation ¾ 3) region ¾ 4) gender ¾ 5) situation or context ¾ 6) peer group association or identification ¾ 7) first language community or culture ¾ Dialects are mutually intelligible forms of a language associated with a particular region, ¾ ¾ All languages are composed of dialects. ¾ What is an Accent? ¾ An accent indicates some variation of speech or pronunciation. ¾ ¾ Dialect is used to indicate langauge differences as well as speech differences. ¾ ¾ Dialect is the broader term. Regional Dialects ¾ Regional dialect refers to a variety of language used by people living in a restricted geographic area ¾ ¾ We assume a greater homogeneity within each identified regional dialect than actually exists. Culture vs. Dialect ¾ Culture refers to the collective social customs and behaviors of organized groups of people in that their behavior patterns reflect their belief systems, social practices, art, education, ¾ Within a geographical region several social dialects may be spoken by people who are grouped by factors other than geography including: z Social class z Ethnicity z Educational level z Occupation z Religion New England and Northeast Region ¾ When we think about folks from this area we usually think about what they do to their /r/s. z car becomes ca z toilet becomes terlet ¾ More notable than their articulation patterns is their word usage. Lots of the lexical choices made by folks in this region have been influences by the sea and sailing. z The Northern and Midwest Region ¾ Even though this region covers a wide geographic area, the dialects have been primarily influenced by only two cultural and linguistic hearths z New England z Southeastern Pennsylvania 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
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11/28/2011 2 ¾ As these cultures followed the frontier, they mixed and influenced each other creating a unique dialect. The Southern Region ¾ The Southern region is quite a large one. It is divided from the North by the Mason-Dixon Line and the Ohio River to somewhere west of the Mississippi River, including some or all of Texas. ¾ In Southern Dialects vowels tend to be prolonged. ¾ Southern Dialect is also possesses some of the more uniquely American words. ¾ ¾ ¾ Dusky dark for twilight ¾ Piddling for wasting time ¾ Puny for sick ¾ Commode for toilet ¾ ¾ ¾ These are just a few of colorful words that are associated with Southern Dialect. ¾
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NLA5 - 11/28/2011 1 2 Language Diversity 7 Variable that...

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