ConitionandLanguage%20handout-2 - 9/15/2011 1 2 3 Language...

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1 Language and Cognition Student Outcomes The student will be able to: ± 1) demonstrate an understanding of cognition as it relates to language acquisition ± 2) apply 3 central concepts and 3 central behaviors of the sensorimotor stage to language acquisition. ± 3) analyze the contributions of Piaget and Vygotsky to language acquisition. Roots in Psychology Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are 2 developmental psychologists who have had a significant impact on our view concerning the relationship between cognition and language. ± ± ± Jean Piaget was a Swiss Psychologist. ± He developed stages of cognitive development that have an impact on how we view children’s cognitive development. ± Lev Vygotsky was a Russian psychologist who died of TB in 1934. ± One of his works that is seminal for language learning was “Thought and Language.” ± Piaget’s Theory ± Piaget concluded that cognitive development is the result of biological maturation in interaction with the environment. ± According to Piaget, four basic concepts underlie cognitive organization: schema, assimilation, accommodation, and equilibrium. ± Schema can be understood as a concept, mental category, or cognitive structure. ± Assimilation is the cognitive process whereby a person includes a new stimulus into an existing schema. ± Accommodation involves the development of new schemata to allow of the organization of stimuli that do not fit into existing schemata. ± ± Equilibrium is the balance between the processes of assimilation and accommodation. ± ± Piaget’s 4 Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor--0-2 years ± reflexive to proactive behavior ± Ability to represent reality (symbolic function) to invent novel means to desired ends without trial-and-error methodology, to imitate when model not immediately present and to represent absent people and objects. 1. Preoperational Thought 2-7 Years ± Further development of symbolic function: language, physical problem solving, categorization. ± 1
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course SPTH 3321 taught by Professor Lance during the Fall '11 term at University of Central Arkansas.

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ConitionandLanguage%20handout-2 - 9/15/2011 1 2 3 Language...

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