Charlemagne - Charlemagne 742-814AD A. Who was Charlemagne?...

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Charlemagne 742-814AD A. Who was Charlemagne? 1. “Charles the Great” 2. “King of the Franks and the Lombards” 3. “Emperor of the Romans” – so declared on Christmas Day 800AD by Pope Leo III 4. A Germanic king of the tribe of the Franks, who surrounded himself with Germanic warriors / aristocrats. But he drew around himself churchmen and classical scholars. Thus he mixed and blended classical thought, Christian faith, and Germanic heritage into a new European civilization. B. Carolingians 1. An aristocratic family that emerged in and around Austrasia (Belgium and Germany) during the seventh century. 2. They achieved supremacy in Austrasia. 3. Charles Martel a. “The Hammer” b. Grandfather of Charlemagne c. Military chieftain d. Rewarded his military followers with conquered lards e. He demanded loyalty from these land holders f. This created a feudal state 4. At Charles Martel’s death, land divided between his two sons: Carloman and Pepin the Short 5.
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Charlemagne - Charlemagne 742-814AD A. Who was Charlemagne?...

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