The Crusade1 - The Crusades Introduction One of the best...

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The Crusades Introduction One of the best known events of the Middle Ages. A. Definition: Crusade From the Latin word CRUX, meaning “cross”. Thus a military effort during the eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth centuries undertaken by Christians to win the Holy Lands from the Muslims. B. Reasons for the Crusades 1. Regain the Holy Lands for Christianity from the Muslims 2. Enable Christian pilgrimages to Jerusalem 3. To reunite the Eastern and Western Christian world into one 4. Economic gain 5. Enable knights to use their skills in God’s service C. The Seven Crusades 1. First Crusade 1096-1099 a. 1095 Pope Urban II called for a crusade against the infidels (Muslims) b. Pope promised a plenary indulgence c. 5,000-10,000 knights and 50,000infantry enlisted d. Peter the Hermit, a French monk, led a peasants crusade e. Conquered Jerusalem in summer of 1099 f. Slaughtered Muslim men, women and children g. Church declared it a success 2. Second Crusade 1147-1149 a. Led by kings of France and Germany
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2012 for the course HUMANITIES 2223 taught by Professor Genem.adams during the Winter '09 term at Valencia.

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The Crusade1 - The Crusades Introduction One of the best...

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