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Unformatted text preview: Borellia burgdofer -Lyme Disease Carlie Whiting Lyme Disease
What Is lyme Disease? Signs and Symptoms Stages Diagnosis Treatment Prevention What is Lyme's Disease? Lyme Disease is an inflammatory disease caused by Borelli burgdorfer. Borellia is a It is contracted through tick bites and is loosely coiled spirochete. difficult to diagnose. It can take 2 days to 2 weeks to diagnose. What is Lyme Disease? It is the most common vector-borne infection in the U.S. The vector is the Ixodid tick, which has the ability to "hitchhike" on the host (humans). The tick will attach and begin to fill with blood, becoming more than 100x its orginial size and infecting the human. Deer Tick Signs and Symptoms Rash at the site of the bite Flu Like Symptoms: fever, headache, muscle pain and dizziness After a couple days or weeks, a rash will spread like a bullseye. Clear center, outer red bands are raised. Rash Stage 1-3 Stage 1- rash (20% lack), migraines, flu like symptoms Stage 2- Stage 1 symptoms begin to get worse, rash gets bigger Stage 3-heart and nervous system problems (memory loss, facial palsy, joint inflammation) Diagnosis The ELISA test- tests for the presence of antibodies If the ELISA test comes back positive, than the Western Blot is used to confirm that the disease is Lyme Disease. The red ring rash is an easier diagnosis, but as stated before it can take a long time for it to appear. Treatment Antibiotics: doxycycline, amoxicillin, ceftriaxone and penicillin If there is a late diagnosis (2nd or 3rd stage), antibiotics need to taken for 4 weeks and even longer if severe arthritis occurred. Prevention Closed toed shoes Long pants A good friend :) Long sleeve shirt/jacket Works Cited https://health.google.com/health/ref/Lym e+disease+-+chronic+persistent Microbiology. Cowan and Talaro, 2006. Pg 620-621. ...
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- Fall '06