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Lecture Notes 1 - (1/14 7[bonds are sharedelecbvnsl...

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Unformatted text preview: (1/14,). 7 [bonds are sharedelecbvnsl Va’emj Mud 'DrA-wq'fj chm/band 5mm 'H and X (halvzn) maké one, banal O and S «AA-he, +1.00 banJS 605E sul-fuk can matu— More. N and 'P MA-ku. Hwee. boncls buf‘ ? Cm ‘MA-‘u- more _ C «MA Si. thak—L {bur boncl: I? I CHqO = l-l—C—O“ H I , H whack About OH , 0H2 , OHS a.” gist G) .. .. ..+ ' :9-—H :C’D-H H—O‘-H H H also . Q UHq 1 era charges Basis 15TskeH holds 22. H' 0' H? washeu holds 8e. sand 1’ \M-ve. 345ml (cl-orbs) H g! H +, u‘ : -- I - I \xecASAQ—H u-(;_._$——c|:.—“ \ -' H H H ”E u {OFMG‘ club. rat .5 Whai Abou‘t' Carbon, (526 f.‘5) C 1 2 2 7- z 1- = ' o . , . . ()5) 5» F .C % .CHL dosed she” / lrehfl bridbh {16m H H ,H .‘ . ._ H.“ ’ H \H 2' H Qurvmlen“: . cm who ‘4 Galactic]: orbt’caLs cud 21.0mm Usinj sF3-Bbrid orb: g O p In fact 0- ?florb S—orb . SP‘Mbr-‘J (saw/Le offhur 15 cMA/9-2 ) 'kdmvdent C ‘tS "t‘efihhedrato . ° «Fur A“ bond angles boron mm: 3 bmds If «B. a.» is. + 31%, Fag—E: Lew‘us SMLhres bonds = \Unes (shared a Ipair‘s) 3 = ekecbrons not shared H surrounAacl. (3) 2e. 2nd far-(ad elamevt'Es b) 8" [5+6 45%] b—t—cd deck-mas Halt = 23-1.? 4* I 3 ‘f .5 6 '7 H B C N O F Hzco \2 nuance. e—‘ed-ron if and“ hand-rd \Cwo accoufi'ks For 6&- frokbafly in gag socél'an/ I—3A More MAM/0’35 of szl's Sbucfires i/Qexdnance, Nifltrfc day _ .. +l/O: .. +3);- H~Q—N\ 4—» [4-4 -A/\ 0'. ‘ .. \93 +N/,9 4" .-. H—o- *. \‘ . o ’ 2. H \ also “fl/C— can refhce. H0"~ H /O. "/2. + r J K ”V? «3 \'o “/L hlhawet-hane, .“(AM—e. L5 9.2-0 3 TAbLe. [Jo ‘1" 27'23 veg iwforkant‘ MM methanz 2. uh). rcsommnce. S'E‘rud-flf-es bud: rvaLthg‘ nH-rite. f7. ' 'l' .- .. J—N H (Maw—9.: I ’I " wu nor Cowb‘bu‘bar oiruadx arrows Show szcMw‘om'r mouernf: Conslcler '.v a «I 0' . O. 1/0 4—:- ‘c c, ' I pf" ’ \Q’H ‘. ’05. a- ’03. \ /o" \ / . ..c.—-~c’ «—--r -—-c:-— C§ [BonMth (6" Sharznj 7 7/ Pat'm'nj sts) 2H- 6; an H-44 bond Lied dissaciahim H“H disiance. C=C (Iona sfienjk'h 6” UN)! (9” < 374’”— \ower ewe-raw A (see. aJs‘o sec 2.2—2.4 ,2.4,) H"H + HSéLJ/mde. = (43ka {s +h¢ bonA emeral.) ( IOLl kCaL ) shcnj'tk LHJA \4 f .‘4 \ V/H 7C"C\ H" u I H 1.543% 549'“) c—c bond. 376 leJ/wwL H egf° H \C=C<$tzo° H/;+—-—’:. H L338 ' NOTE e-Hnene \s mrt as “S‘Elcbleu‘ V—orb ’ 066’ <—-—- 3 SP7" Mbr'd: a": ‘20. z"\ / / / 5?’C. H —- C EC“H “Mar 1.1K bowl \enqtk ~‘——.—- -~ y..— -p'“. “Eula orkkojona.‘ Q-Orb . +000 liked!" 5? bond inj own-ab Ionic anal ?o\ar Co-uqlewh (Eond;jl .I‘S Na“. :C:_L‘- {72k in soh'c‘ 54H,- . n ‘ 1’ ‘ vac “E\A hackkex b (tome, bonds areVH’r \OWJS) ’K' Couowtbic afimclo‘a not H *“CiL e“ sharirj u ‘ . , 3+ .. 3- 8+ .. S- H Q 51, : H...’ C_'._L : L.—— folar cavalen’: 60nd non-Qatar coucdevr‘: bond ~ '{cndencj 03C A‘EOM +0 (“VASE a“ :- a\ec‘~rohfii\+‘wn«( a. rh'H/ILV‘ S‘h’h-Néc. “ML—’— kerne‘ +4 (Marat 2.\ E SSE-5'6 Bond dipole: anc’ Molecular dire/e momenZL: ' sechén: 1.5,1.10_. ' 'c/I'fo/e moment fl : (change. dc'f) x dlki‘anca. 5* $— . . 75/ X - Y (have. difference- fro/oar £70 ma! {2 cleCI'ranLejA HUN?! diffinmce, H-F, H*C( eéc hA-Ué bond Jifale: and, .s:'nc& {14.2. aux. aJS‘o «molecules, M3 hMe/ mole cw(a.r dipole. Moment“; . 2.5 Ll C—H ma C~C. are non-Polar- bond: Molecule: flare 1144212. wohwear' (if/Dole: ova—called Polar; ane’: that («ck «(ff/oclz, are. Mam—Falar, Newpolar— molecule: can. S£~FH haw/e. [DO/(2P bonds H H 9 '-"- C = 0: Jua‘lz II'Amr-gaam¢+r7 bond 415.00,“ cat/me l . also can be M: fir fan: . C03"Z) “Ht/4‘ are «PAPA-Miller . If 1 {'dmhedral Planar- H +'—7 \CF—O: has a. mdemCarJifde-v H so does CHLC'Z. buck nak‘ _ Cqu 1'56 Adda-j UM” ”(ZW‘) V Br/nfl—cd '. Jaflhes an Add a: a. fN't‘M donor 4 base is a. Pro-Eon acur‘br . , done. Lawn: : base 35 an electron 913!" P acid I: an elccflvon Pao'r' ACcéfbr (flu. H"' is one.) no++luonlj , Luci: acid) + _. "'9’ + “"F -->‘__. H—q—H + .F H H Br¢n3hd base add can}. acid can' . base Of H20 0 H F —~—-‘—-———_-————_-—.-— u'n {this nae-Hon Hm. side, wH’k H3O+md F- is M4: fA—vored , aid-«Lat efiuil. conS'Ean‘t is \0'335 {1” HF K‘s ‘0-3353 RF is an-‘j S‘iflh‘l‘h‘ 3on3“! wha? ‘ H3o+ is ashlronéar add “Hahn H~F .- :F’,’ is ¢L s-l-mrger (more reach‘ve)(mu than H20: An ailJi-l-u‘ sca‘e. (sea (Able/LB) 2:“,0‘3 am > HONOz 2: I430") HF ) cflaazH ) go" ) NH, PK» 4? -I.5 3.45 we ~I5.e 35 K 1-7 p a. is used a: measure of Br/nsfeal acid Sm‘nvnj'flt P’Q.‘"0 K‘s H-rlaw 1“ ’9 jl'A'J . . . u conseder ace-he and CH3COZH H—‘c—c/’ zl-l Pg: “-75 \l’ . Ar ‘3' to“ vmeaAr' wean/awe 0&3th . . . . thanCCG“ ““0“ Amie-«E a} tough-hon defends an 1>H “35:: Lib [A'] (cu3ca{] H = K _ P P a + [03 [HA] ’ 4'15 + to} [cuscozfll at ?H Q1 S [CH3C01'I ’5 EC“3C0£H 1 4%: 'PH 3.75 (more acidfc) , ((3501:; /l'Ci|3C01H3 = 0,1 90 . in flu, form of flu dad. H~F less acidq'c than. H'Cl tau! thoujk f '.s sun“ FWA *7 \ess A'Q'rkc in «for H" out“ 15‘skcfi ‘ also show band} a - r... / ._ F;\) H’C} ———-—-" F—H + =C,l' 't A K = I0 ’0 . T shun] base. 1 : weaker base s'l-vro ck waiter ' :: ‘ '138 afier Acid [Base mariel 141% ' - ' ‘ ' ‘ - = ___ Leglisn. ecu/S 1.04:3? fijwe H+ (‘ ’{30 1..) in wafer base: Affan/ 0H- No'l‘ very useful £5001; fich/ L513. (once/{— wild/e! Aff/I‘CAb/c I}: again/c Chet/"I157 ‘ "Acia’= 2/7"” arcs/for, Bare = e'laairdonqr- Addacf‘ = combinofrén ofa. acia’am/ 643.2. Ci") (‘il 93 C! I ', O .- 6"; A‘I' Ar“ ---7 agilfwm—cc 1 .6343 CL CH3 Ct base acid adduc'l’.’ : at: + H '3' -——-—-'r ’ é} '" H ' H-Cl -: ”0" a tuna: acid ‘ ! ' “-35.: ‘c‘cfléi: ———~ "¢?-’" In. :9}: l I '4 H ' Lewis "alduc‘l- " 'adducl’ " wcahtr I base Luci; (Ma-c I .——'c——-—-——-—._ .u—I—n— nun—“.— u—-—-———_— ammonia, auum'LA, wad-er (on‘evh‘ns Mra‘Xtda Ian: “5qu $0»; awuom'aL ackinj as a Lead: base. are ‘Hnere, anj Lewis acid +szis bAse. gens? 17-36 \fes’ one ”Plains C02 1- ”Lb gives an aétdci SMN. o E 3" .. —..— 1/ .......~. -2 + H0 g —-' .H 9 R921- + H20 ‘— . €03 + H30 has; acid, adducl' hucleOfki la eiec'krofhi My “Br 3003 H See—l "V‘ucleo‘olnul'c " subs-H-hfia‘an; H H '1 A\ /H +:4—cu + '5‘" '4'N: C ~C1. ----- H-‘ 3 ~. ’ ,. |!\ J G -. ' H anoHuu’ 14me of H330: act-in} as A Lewis [use—r ' . Kelfif-fu‘e Ada/it’- anc/ Bambi}!- - - (40a) 444 ch 07‘ 7745/6 1.71/0jaa need, ZLU éflaal?) no? Hurt" much series on 1—6 esren‘h'al Ibetter'éa know ‘Huz 7990191912: that" influence acid/"15] t'hue apt/mar 151 sec, 1.16” ‘ c1302” > Clgcazl-I > 650-509! ) ClgcléaI/zflza T f mod- . . A . acldlc : 1 [edition/IE: ‘ baa/z :a. 3 19‘5“ x l "I'nc/ucHt/e 2fF€£ " resonance :‘hducb~ ue shéilijd 92‘9"? my. base, H—I > H—Br > H-cz > ”-4-“ adt/T‘élb'nal Lewis 4/; 37/54ng Wfl/(fif ””2 “mm; H @ i HNI + fl ”0 - 3 -- —————3 HN—C—O Mr 3 I ' L bite, Lanai H adJuC‘t . F (—19 ,_ WWI)" B": "“9 H3” + {5" 14.3 MWCIL adducz‘ "re/(weal ,, bAJe — ' 7w 6/ £6 ' W‘u’” e Iva/r firuac n i iIL'7 e I’M/Hes , \ re/AfiVe [Dal/62%- _ 6444ij diSfZFJaZ/h’laffer: " @6. A): I -Q -— fi’sf‘: S " C —CH ’0: _ a." «- E ”3 2 .. 1 “’5 ’(RC—CHZ—Qfo Fl! 3. 622 sec, Ia/‘L/ 5‘! [/6 (-3 H—A 4 139 :5 A + H'B “my iii?” :25: caflSio’er M” baJeJ -- @brfdgrl'rén mufflers — H .- I - . , z : H~N= >> H‘I)’: > C» > 0136—” ,1; H NH (~36) NH; (7,3), @3451), CH3csN/I («2), C°"S£‘.h‘fi°'““( 150”“? am! SMGW' shar‘i‘harzcl 1—10 Satan/c s (.7 —- 1.3 CH3N0Z and CHSONO as [Friar 250wa2 cf» isomer: anokker resonance gonad .. ._ ' . .. __ - Caro—rho: 4—, CH3—b-N—OI . an , 0‘ + .- nof: ns‘jooc‘ . , ~ . _ ”afoot-eh consxder‘ IMQ‘HCJ‘ nvk-n‘é and Me't‘by‘ isonr’wlc ' H\ l—L , I4 H H/ (CH3)ZCH0H and CHSCHZCHZOH are isomer; >0“ and No” (n Shari-hand shorthané assumesv kfldrijzn a": any C wH—‘aoul‘ Ll 'bonc‘s’ . 5;” e: a Molecules, MEN (3.“ Lia) flu. slm~1>es a? mask comFoous can be, ?re&?¢£cd \pj assumin ‘H/LL bonds and (one. Pains art “file—Ewe. MA rage“ each o'HAer bonés are less revulslve, "\ 'H ’3 was/c lCI-H ’0 H 120° fi‘ “(’9‘ 1- H ‘N {LC\ :: \ ,,vH Q‘anar + —- CH3 OZCH3 ’Et'kk kedraL ...
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