Chapter 02, Management History

Chapter 02, Management History - CHAPTER2 MANAGEMENT...

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         CHAPTER-2 MANAGEMENT  HISTORY
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 MAJOR MANAGEMENT THEORIES 1. Scientific Management theory. 2. General Administrative theory. 3. Quantitative approach. 4. Organizational Behavior Theory. 5. System Approach. 6. Contingency Approach.
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 SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT THEORY F.W Taylor Was a Mechanical Engineer.  Was unhappy from workers due to their inefficiency, different  techniques  and easy approach to work. There was no work  standards and matching abilities for working activities. The out  put was also one third. Wrote “Principles of Scientific Management” in 1911. The book   described Scientific Management Theory:  the use of scientific  methods to define the “one best way” for a job to be done.   He is known as father of scientific management. “Pig iron’’ experiment further increased his conviction about the  scientific management theory. 
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TAYLOR’S 4 PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT 1. Develop a science for   each element of an individual’s work,   which will replace the old rule-of-thumb method. 2. Scientifically select, train and develop the worker.   (Previously,  workers chose their own work and trained themselves as best  they could.) 3. Heartily cooperate with the worker  so as to ensure that all  work is done in accordance with the principles of the science  that has been developed. 4. Divide all work and responsibility equally  between  management and workers.  Management takes over all work  for which it is better fitted than the workers.  
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Frank and Lillian Gilbreth Frank was construction contractor by trade. His wife was Lillian  and she was psychologist. They studied work to eliminate inefficient hand-and-body  motions. They also experimented with the design and use of proper tools  and equipments for optimizing work performance. First researchers to use motion pictures to study hand and body  motions. Invented a micro-chronometer to record workers motions and  time spent doing each motion. Devised a classification scheme to label 17 basic hand motions  (Therblig) to analyze worker's exact hand movements.  
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Chapter 02, Management History - CHAPTER2 MANAGEMENT...

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