02 Romanesque - Romanesque Prague 890-1230 A Historical...

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Romanesque Prague, 890-1230
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A. Historical context (6 th -10 th c.) 1. Arrival and consolidation of early Slavic tribes •6 th century: Slavic tribes enter Bohemia from East th -10 th c.: Consolidation of power amongst ruling families – P ř emyslovci and Slavnikovci Late 9 th c. – 1306: P ř emyslid dynasty rules Bohemia
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A. Historical context (9 th -13 th c.) 2. Mission and conversion of Slavs to Christianity 865: Sts. Cyril and Methodius convert Slavic tribes Begin to transcribe Slavic language for religious services “Galgolithic” writing Convert ruling family – St. Ludmila and Duke Bo ř ivoj The Baptism of Duke Bo ř ivoj by Sts. Cyril and Methodius Karel Javurek (1858)
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A. Historical context (9 th -13 th c.) 3. Monasteries as centers of culture and production Since fall of Roman Empire in Western Europe in 476, monasteries were the only places of culture and learning All artistic and architectural workshops as well as scriptoria were in the monasteries St. George’s Monastery in Prague Castle (920)
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B. Pre-Romanesque architecture 1. Fortified settlements Hradíšt ě •6 th -10 th century First type of Slavic settlement Wooden defensive walls Small wooden homes Early stone churches Typical fortified settlement - reconstruction
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B. Pre-Romanesque architecture Rotunda of St. Vitus (929) Chapel of the Virgin Mary (ca. 890) Prague Castle, first fortified hilltop settlement ( Hradíšt ě ) with first stone churches (890-1200)
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B. Pre-Romanesque architecture 2. Churches Single-nave church, 6 th –10 th century Simple design Walls painted with frescos Used for Christian masses Single-nave church, reconstruction
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B. Pre-Romanesque architecture 2. Churches Single nave Votiv Chapel of the Virgin Mary (ca. 890) Earliest stone building in Prague Shows the process of conversion of the ruling family in Bohemia Unearthed graves reveal evidence of Christian and pre-Christian burial practices
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B. Pre-Romanesque architecture 2. Churches St. Wenceslas, Patron Saint of Bohemia († 929/35) Responsible for bringing Christianity more directly to the people Oriented Bohemia toward the Germanic Empire and cultural milieu Built the first rotunda in Prague St. Wenceslas - Josef Myslbek, Wenceslas Square (19 th c.)
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B. Pre-Romanesque architecture 2. Churches St. Vitus Rotunda Founded by St. Wenceslas in (929) Oldest and largest rotunda in Prague Privileged position as the church of the ruling dynasty Shows close connection of Church and State in the period of consolidation of power Site of present-day Cathedral Reconstruction of original St. Vitus Rotunda. Foundations can still be seen under the present-day cathedral.
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B. Pre-Romanesque architecture 2. Churches Rotunda: 10 th –12 th century Simple design Walls painted with frescos Rotundas typically used for Christian baptism during times of conversion Rotunda of St. Martin, Vysehrad (11 th c.)
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B. Pre-Romanesque architecture 2. Churches St. Longinus, New Town (11 th c), example of a rotunda in Prague settlements
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02 Romanesque - Romanesque Prague 890-1230 A Historical...

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