03 Gothic - Gothic: Part I Early Gothic architecture and...

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Gothic: Part I Early Gothic architecture and devotional art 1230-1310
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A. Gothic: Historical context 1a. Urbanization Gothic Era begins with the formation of towns in the 13 th century. Colonization of German merchants
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A. Gothic: Historical context 1b. Colonization Havel’s Market Old Town (13 th c.)
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2a. Church in the towns and the rise of popular spirituality Convent and Friary of St. Agnes, Franciscans and Poor Clares, Old Town (1230s) Set up for church to take an active role in town life through preaching and guiding religious practices First Gothic building in Prague A. Gothic: Historical context
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A. Gothic: Historical context 4. Three periods of Gothic High Gothic: Imperial of ‘Caroline’ Era (1310-1437) Late Gothic: Hussite and Jagellonian Era (1437-1526) Early Gothic (1230-1310)
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B. Early Gothic art and architecture 1. Style of Gothic architecture Gothic - term from Renaissance, refers to Germanic art after fall of Rome Originated in France in 12 th century Main building innovation was the ‘pointed ribbed vault Ambulatory of St. Denis, Paris (1140s)
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B. Early Gothic art and architecture 1. Style of Gothic architecture Developed from the earlier Romanesque cross vaults Intersection was found to be the key supporting section Construction of ‘ribs ’ allowed weight to be carried down thin stone vaults instead of heavy walls
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B. Early Gothic art and architecture 1. Style of Gothic architecture Weight of ceiling carried down by ribs into pillars (right), or consoles (left) Space between ribbed vaults – the spandrel - could be filled in with lighter material, e.g. brick or wood Walls can be opened up for larger windows Gothic vaults can rise much higher than a Romanesque barrel vault (following two slides)
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St. George’s Basilica (Romanesque, 12th century) St Agnes’ Convent (Gothic 13 th century) B. Early Gothic art and architecture
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St. Vitus’ Cathedral Ste. Chapelle, Paris (13 th c.) B. Early Gothic art and architecture
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St. Vitus’ Cathedral Týn Church, Old Town (14 th c.) B. Early Gothic art and architecture
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B. Early Gothic art and architecture 2a. Gothic art: style Changes from highly stylized Romanesque painting and sculpture to more naturally rendered figures and shading St. Wenceslas with the Virgin Mary Missal (early 14 th century)
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B. Early Gothic art and architecture 2a. Gothic art: style Mary of Trulici (1220) Mary of Trulici (1260)
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B. Early Gothic art and architecture 2b. Forms, meaning and function Art during this period expressed the desire to be in close proximity to Jesus, Mary or the saints Present-day patrons or saints are commonly depicted in the living presence of these religious figures New painting form: wood panels for church or home Diptych Triptych Polyptych Madonna in Burning Bush , triptych, altarpiece
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B. Early Gothic art and architecture 2b. Forms, meaning and function Annunciation, Nativity and Adoration of the Magi - Vysši Brod Altar – polyptych panel painting (1350)
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03 Gothic - Gothic: Part I Early Gothic architecture and...

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