Study guide, class 02 - Romanesque

Study guide, class 02 - Romanesque - contemplate end-time...

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Chapter 1: Pre-Romanesque and Romanesque Prague (6th century to 1230) Period of state formation and introduction of Christianity. Rise of P ř emyslid dynasty (late 800s – 1306). Art used primarily to support and promote church in the conversion of the Slavs, and project the power of ruling dynasty A. Historical context / production 1. Arrival and consolidation of Slavic tribes (6 - 10 century) th th 2. Mission and conversion of Slavs to Christianity 3. Monasteries as centers of culture and production B. Pre-Romanesque architecture 1. Fortified settlements 2. Churches: St. Martin’s Rotunda in Vyšehrad (11 th c.) C. Romanesque architecture: Earliest style found in Prague. Based on Roman models, buildings are characterized by the use of rounded arch and barrel vault (also groin vault), thick walls, small windows, interior surfaces painted with frescos. Developed in monastic context, therefore style was adapted to represent ideals of monastic spirituality (separation from worldliness in order to
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Unformatted text preview: contemplate end-time and final judgment). Main forms and examples in Prague: 1. Origins and style of Romanesque architecture Romanesque Terminology 2. Typical forms of Romanesque architecture in Prague 1. Basilica : St. George’s convent in Prague Castle (10 th-12 th c) 2. Palace : Prague Castle Royal Palace (10 th-12 th c) 3. Merchant houses: Cellars around Old Town Square (11 th-13 th c.) D. Romanesque art: Characterized by de-materialized and highly stylized forms that are meant to express inner transcendent qualities rather than be an accurate representation of exterior world. Hieratic compositions (size of figure indicates importance of person), which are reliant on iconographic system of symbols and gestures and biblical stories. 1. Painting Vyšehrad Codex (1085) City of God (1200) Fresco of a P ř emyslid King (13 th c.) 2. Sculpture Throne of Wisdom tympanum, St. George’s Convent (12 th c.)...
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2012 for the course HIST 256 taught by Professor Mr.g during the Spring '11 term at Anglo - americká vysoká škola.

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