Class 7: Early Baroque (1620-1690) Defeat of the Protestants at the Battle of Bíla Hora (White Mountain) in 1620 and execution of the Czech Protestant Nobility results in the loss of Bohemia’s ancient hereditary rights and begins “ doba temna” (the dark age). Czech Protestant nobility replaced by Austrian Catholics loyal to Habsburg monarchy who build palaces to show new power in Bohemian society. Baroque art and architecture is used for converting Protestants back to the Catholic Church, process directed primarily by the Jesuits. The need to refurbish Protestant churches with religious art creates a favorable climate for artists. A. Historical context 1. White Mountain (Bílá Hora) and the defeat of Czech Estates
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