Draft_single_mothers - Copy

Draft_single_mothers - Copy - Family and childcare issues...

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Family and childcare issues for single head of households According to the Encyclopedia of Children’s Health, a single parent family is defined as “a family with children under age 18 headed by a parent who is widowed or divorced and not remarried, or by a parent who has never married” (Encyclopedia of Children’s Health). Over the past several decades, single parent households have become more and more common. While in the past, the death of a parent was the main cause for such a household, new trends diverging from what had been considered traditional morality have caused the number of single-parent homes to skyrocket. Many such households are now created as a result of divorce or sex outside of marriage. The United States Census Bureau provides some valuable information about single parent households in its report titled Custodial Mothers and Fathers and their Child Support: 2007 . Although the data in this report pertains to the year 2007, this report, which was only released in 2009, is the most recent report by the Bureau on this subject. Based on the findings of this report, there are about 13.7 million single parents running households. Over 26.3 percent of American children are raised, at least for a period of time, by one parent. A quarter – 24.6% - of singe parents receives an income below the poverty line. The report also shows that demographics regarding single parenting vary based on ethnicity (cf. U.S. Census Bureau): only 22.4% of children in white American families are raised in single parent households, while 48.2% of African American children are raised by single parents. Of the single heads of households, the great majority (82.6%) are women. Considering that the issues pertaining to single parent households differ between the households run by single fathers and those run by single mothers, this paper will limit its study to the affects of single parenting in terms of households run by single mothers, since this accounts for the majority.
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Of the single mothers running households, 34.2% have never been married; 45.1 percent are divorced or separated; 19% are divorced and remarried, and 1.7% have been widowed (cf. U.S. Census Bureau). Taking these causes into account is important when examining the issues and difficulties posed by single parent households, because the extent of emotional and psychological troubles within the households differs based on the cause of single parenting. Women who have had failed relationships with their previous spouse, and are reminded of the difficulty by having the children present, or have suddenly had to cope with a changed financial status due to the break off, may suffer greater emotional strain than women who never married, or who have been widowed but had a peaceful marriage. Likewise, children who have witnessed their parents’ failed marriage and may be more attached to one or the other may suffer emotional damage which will affect their needs and behavior. Single mothers face many difficulties in society.
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2012 for the course ORGANIZATI 240 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Ashford University.

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Draft_single_mothers - Copy - Family and childcare issues...

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