3_2 - Organising M Thenmozhi Associate Professor Industrial...

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Organising M Thenmozhi Associate Professor Industrial Management Division Indian Institute of Technology Madras Chennai 600 036 e-mail< mtm_iitm@yahoo.com >
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ORGANISATION ORGANISATION THEORY: The main features of administrative management theories can be analyzed under four broad categories: Division of Work, Departmentalization, coordination and human behavior in the Organization. These is known as pillars of classical organization theory.
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DIVISION OF WORK The division of work implies that work must be divided to obtain a clear cut specialization with a view to improving the performance of the organization . The division of labour as described by Adam smith in his wealth of nations was the basic ingredients of work in his approach. The approach rests firmly on the assumption that the more particular job broken down into its simplest components parts the more specified the worker can becomes in fulfilling his particular job, the more efficient the whole organization will be.
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DIVISION OF WORK For division of work, it is necessary to be accomplished. Fayol has Identified six such functions Technical, Financial,commercial, security and managerial
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DEPARTMENTATION Division of work followed by assignment to the individuals responsible for its performance. Though problems of assignment of jobs among individuals have received Attention from mathematicians in terms of optimum assignment, administrative theorists have viewed this problem differently. They are concerned primarily with the way in which the work is assigned to the individuals so that their specialization can be used effectively.
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DEPARTMENTATION Putting it in to the another way, the problem is to find out the way in which to group that tasks as individual jobs, to group into administrative units, to group in to larger units, and finally to establish the departments at the top level so that costs involved in carrying out these organizational work are minimum. Gullick and urwick have suggested five alternative bases for groups: Purpose, process, clientele, place and time most of others contributors who have studied this problem agree with this except with Substitution of product for purpose.
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COORDINATION Coordination is the orderly arrangement of group’s efforts to provide unity of action in pursuit of common purpose. Each individuals in an organization is related with others and his function affects others. Thus all the person in the organization contribute the organizational efficiency and this efficiency will maximum when each individuals efficiency is maximized and integrated. If this is not integrated the efficiency of some individuals may be counter productive.
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COORDINATION According to administrative Theorists, in its formalized model of departmetation problems of coordination are eliminated because whole set of activities to be performed is decide in advance and once these activities are assigned to organizational or individuals the problem is solved.
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course MANAGEMENT 1 taught by Professor Prof.m.thenmozhi during the Fall '11 term at Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai.

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3_2 - Organising M Thenmozhi Associate Professor Industrial...

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