DOROTHY MWENDE KILONZI NUTR342 summary report.docx -...

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UNIVERSITY OF EASTERN AFRICA BARATON SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF FOODS, NUTRITION AND DIETETICS COURSE TITLE: NUTRITION IN HIV/AIDS COURSE CODE: NUTR342 COURSE INSTRUCTOR: MR. ALBERT WAKOLI STUDENT NAME: DOROTHY MWENDE KILONZI STUDENT ID: SMWEKI1711 ASSIGNMENT: SUMMARY OF THE KENYAN NATIONAL GUIDELINES ON NUTRITION AND HIV/AIDS DUE DATE: 30 TH JUNE, 2020.
CHAPTER 1 HIV/AIDS SITUATION IN KENYA According to the KDHS of 2003, an estimated 1.2-1.5 million people in Kenya between the ages of 15-49 are infected by HIV, a greater population being women. HIV has reduced the average life expectancy by 8 years from 57 years to 47-49 years. Occurrence of opportunistic infections has increased. FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION STATUS IN KENYA FOOD SECURITY High levels of food insecurity is related to poverty and reduction in agricultural production. Occurrence of HIV/AIDS in a household reduces its ability to produce and buy food, one is less able to work or earn an income, and there’s increased health costs. NUTRITION STATUS Rates of underweight and stunting are approximately 10% higher in rural than urban areas. Anemia affects 3 out of every 4 children who are under five years, 1 out of every 2 women of reproductive age and 1 man out of every 5 men. Vitamin A, zinc and iron deficiencies underlie widespread multiple micronutrient deficiencies that increases susceptibility to infections. MALNUTRITION AND DISEASE HIV infection weakens the immune system, resulting in increased susceptibility to severe illnesses, reducing quality of life and life expectancy. The infection increases the risk of malnutrition by increasing nutrient needs and reducing food intake and nutrient absorption.
Nutritional care and support should be an integral component of HIV/AIDS comprehensive care package and interventions are required by all persons irrespective of the stage of disease and whether on ART or not. RATIONALE FOR THE GUIDELINES The action framework for the fight against the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Kenya focuses on three priority areas; Prevention of new infections Improvement of the quality of life of people affected and infected by HIV/AIDS Mitigation of the socio-economic impact of HIV/AIDS The national guidelines on nutrition and HIV/AIDS provide recommendations and information on nutritional care and support for People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). GOAL OF THE GUIDELINES The goal of nutritional care and support for PLWHA is to improve nutrition, health, quality of life and duration of survival of people infected with HIV. PURPOSE OF THE GULIDELINES To establish a consistent set of nutrition recommendations to improve their nutritional status, manage symptoms. To define actions that are needed to provide quality care for and support for PLWHA.

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