1_2 - Management Science I Prof M.Thenmozhi EVOLUTION OF...

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Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi Indian Institute of Technology Madras EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT THEORY Dr.M. Thenmozhi Professor Department of Management Studies Indian Institute of Technology Madras Chennai 600 036 E-mail: [email protected]
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Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi Indian Institute of Technology Madras Early management theory consisted of numerous attempts at getting to know these newcomers to industrial life at the end of the nineteenth century and beginning of the twentieth century in Europe and united states. These includes Scientific management Classical organization theory Behavioural school and management science. As you study these approaches keep one important fact in mind. The managers and theorists who developed this assumption about human relationships were doing so with little precedent. large scale industrial enterprise was very new. some of the assumption that they made might therefore seem simple or unimportant to you, but they were crucial and to ford and his contemporize.
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Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi Indian Institute of Technology Madras 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 “MUCKRACKERS “BEGINS EXPOSE OF BUSINESS1902 THE GREATE DEPRESSION BEGINS DIMING LECTURE ON QUALITY IN JAPAN APPLE CROP FORED1 997 BALDRI GE AWARD INITIATE D 1987 LABOR SHORTAGE WORLD WAR I (1914-1918) WORLD WAR II (1941-1945) PROTEST MOVEMENT(1 960S-1970) IBM PC INTROD CED 1981 AT&T DIVESTITU TE TAKES EFFECT (JANUARY 1 ST 1984) CLASSICAL ORGANIZATIONAL SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT SCHOOL THEORY SCHOOL THE BEHAVIOURAL SCHOOL MANAGEMENT SCIENCE THE SYSTEM APPROACH THE CONTIGENCY APPROACH DYNAMIC ENGAGEMENT APPROACH KEY MANAGEMENT THEORY AN OVERVIEW
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Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi Indian Institute of Technology Madras Fedrick w Taylor (1986-1915) rested his philosophy on four basic principles. 1. The development of a true science of management so that the best method for performing each task could be determined. 2. The Scientific selection of workers so that the each workers would be given responsibility for the task for which he or she was best suited. 3. The scientific education and development of workers. 4. Intimate friendly cooperation between management and labor. The scientific management schools 1. Scientific management theory arose in part from the need to increase productivity. 2. In the united states especially, skilled labor was in short supply at the beginning of the twentieth century. 3. The only way to expand the productivity was to raise the efficiency of workers. 4. Therefore ,Fredick W.Taylor,Henry Gantt,and Frank and Lillian Gilberth devised the body of principles known as Scientific management theory Taylor contended that the success of these principles required ”a complete mental revolution” on the part of management and labor.
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Management Science I Prof. M.Thenmozhi Indian Institute of Technology Madras Rather than quarrel over profits both side should increase production ,by
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1_2 - Management Science I Prof M.Thenmozhi EVOLUTION OF...

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