1.Examples that impact African American rights from 1865-1900 (including the significance of the year 1877)○Thirteenth Amendment outlawed slavery. causes:■Civil war■Emancipation proclamation○The Fourteenth Amendment guaranteed equal rights for all and citizenshipfor blacks. causes:■Black code-restricted their movement and prevented them from testifying at court after the 13th amendment■Overturned dred scott-congress does not have the right to ban slavery in the states; slaves are not citizens.○The Fifteenth Amendment guaranteed their right to vote without discrimination. causes:■Whites waited by voting booths with guns?■Effects-Through the use of poll taxes, literacy tests and other means, Southern states were able to effectively disenfranchise African Americans.○Freedmen Bureau■-assisted the former slaves by giving them food and finding jobs and homes for them.○1877, when Pres. Rutherford B. Hayes withdrew the last federal troops from the South, Southern whites were again in full control.■White supremacy and segregation●Plessy v. Ferguson established the doctrine of “separate but equal2.Examples that impact the rights of Immigrants○Asian, Irish and other immigrant Americans were also restricted from public life, isolated in segregated schools, and discriminated against in regard to employment and housing. ○They also suffered under bans on racial intermarriage and limitations on real property ownership.
○California gold rush in 1849 caused most of the immigration ○With economic competition came dislike and even racial suspicion and hatred. Such feelings were accompanied by anti-Chinese riots and pressure, especially in California, for the exclusion of Chinese immigrants from the United States.■The result of this pressure was the Chinese Exclusion Act, passed by Congress in 1882. ●This Act virtually ended Chinese immigration for nearly a century. As the following documents suggest.