P110_2008_Week_7

P110_2008_Week_7 - Typical collector design(fig 6.18 Can we...

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Typical collector design (fig 6.18) Can we understand the design criteria for each of these components? What happens if you run such a collector too hot?
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National Solar Thermal Test Facility—Sandia National Lab
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Parabolic collectors
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What is this? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pump_jack
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What is oil?? •Complex mixture of MANY different hydrocarbons. More complex molecules (more carbon atoms per molecule) have higher boiling points. •The refining process separates the crude petroleum into many different types of fuels (based on boiling point, and therefore carbon number) Don’t forget, there are also lots of impurities (sulfur, vanadium, nickel, …). 5-10 carbons/mol. 11-12 carbons/mol. 13-17 carbons/mol. 18-20 C’s/mol.
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Resources vs. Reserves (McKelvey Diagram) Resources Reserves
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Resources vs. Reserves (McKelvey Diagram) Resources Reserves Proven Indicated Inferred More Expensive More Uncertain
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US “Proven Reserves” over the last century (does not include 2006). US Proven RESERVES (FROM EIA) 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000 45000 1900 1927 1954 1982 2009 2036 Year Reserves (millions of BBL's) Series1 http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/dnav/pet/pet_sum_crdsnd_adc_mbbl_m.htm
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Changes to US Petroleum reserves Note: Domestic “production” accounts for only about 27% of our petroleum consumption
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http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/pdf/pages/sec1_3.pdf
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Gasoline prices (EIA) http://www.eia.doe.gov/oil_gas/petroleum/info_glance/petroleum.html
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http://www.daviesand.com/Perspectives/Forest_Products/Oil_Reserves/index.html See also table 7.2 in the text
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Oil Reserves http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_reserves
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http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0872964.html
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Two Views of World’s “Oil” Supply http://www.radford.edu/~wkovarik/oil/
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Oil deposits Fig. 7.9 from H&K
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How do you find oil?
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VIBRATOR TRUCKS
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Sample seismic section From Lafond et al. CSEG 2004 proceedings (effect of salt domes etc.)
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E.G. Domestic hot-water system
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