P110_2008_Week_8

P110_2008_Week_8 - Suspicious increases in Reserves

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“Suspicious increases in Reserves” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_reserves Some of these sudden increases may be tied to OPEC decision to tie production Quotas to reserves.
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Value Proposition for Coal Transformation
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Biomass Energy http://www.eia.doe.gov/fuelrenewable.html As of 2007, Biomass made up 53% of the US renewable energy budget, or a little less than 4% of the total US energy budget.
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Biomass Energy Heat and/or electricity H&K 17.1
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2004 Ethanol Production Facilities In Aug. 2006 there were 101 plants producing 4.9Billion gallons: w ww.ksgrains.com/ ethanol / us eth.html
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Sites for Ethanol Energy budget http://www.futurepundit.com/archives/002722.html http://www.ethanol.org/documents/NetEnergyBalanceissuebrief_000.pdf http://petroleum.berkeley.edu/papers/patzek/CRPS416-Patzek-Web.pdf http://petroleum.berkeley.edu/papers/patzek/CRPS-BiomassPaper.pdf http://www.hubbertpeak.com/pimentel/bioscience/conservation/conservation.pdf http://hubbert.mines.edu/news/Pimentel_98-2.pdf http://www.biodiesel.org/ http://www.biodiesel.com/ http://www.dancingrabbit.org/biodiesel/ Bio-Diesel Websites
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Study/year Corn yield Nitrogen fertilizer application rate Inputs for nitrogen fertilizer Corn ethanol conversion rate Ethanol conversion process Total 1 energy use Coproducts 1 energy credits Net 1 energy value bu/acre lb/acre Btu/lb gal/bu Btu/gal Btu/gal Btu/gal Btu/gal Pimentel (1991) 110 136.0 37,551 2.50 73,687 (LHV) 131,01 7 21,500 -33,517 Keeney and DeLuca (1992) 119 135.0 37,958 2.56 48,434 (LHV) 91,127 8,072 -8,431 Marland and Turhollow (1991) 119 127.0 31,135 2.50 40,105 (HHV) 73,934 8,127 18,324 Morris and Ahmed (1992) 120 127.0 31,000 2.55 46,297 (LHV) 75,297 24,950 25,653 Ho (1989) 90 NR NR NR 57,000 (LHV) 90,000 10,000 -4,000 This study (1995) 122 124.5 22,159 2.53 53,277 (HHV) 82,824 15,056 16,193 Average 113 129.9 31,961
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course P 110 taught by Professor Baxter during the Fall '08 term at Indiana.

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P110_2008_Week_8 - Suspicious increases in Reserves

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