Hobbes Reading 4

Hobbes Reading 4 - Leviathan Reading 4: 09/21/06 I. The...

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Leviathan Reading 4: 09/21/06 I. The Sovereign A. He must have all power possible in order to maintain the peace and defense of the commonwealth (p. 211). 1. in order for the sovereign to have this power, he needs the cooperation of his subjects. 2. One of the issues some subjects (particularly Christians) raise is the idea of conscience. a. They will not obey the sovereign because they feel morally obligated not to obey him if his law violates their morals. 3. Hobbes wants t o move aside all sources of authority so that the Sovereign remains all powerful. a. Christianity may become a source of subversion. b. Therefore, Hobbes states that morality—that is, good and evil—come from the sovereign, not a priest or Pope or Bible. c. For Hobbes, conscience can be no more than the general rule of reason that is accessible to man in the state of nature. 4. The Sovereign has the right to censor seditious materials. In fact, Hobbes reccomends this. a. However, he also believes the people should be taught in the proper way because it will be easier for them to obey his commands (p. 225) b. Sovereigns should make use of universities in the right way (brainwashing). (p. 243) B. Ultimately, what Hobbes wants is to have people change their perspective on religion. 1. Hobbes wants people to return to their original state. But Christians believe that the original state was blissful and incorporated original sin. a. For Hobbes, however, there is no evil in the state of nature. There is no sin.
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course POLI 271 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Hobbes Reading 4 - Leviathan Reading 4: 09/21/06 I. The...

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