Locke-jing

Locke-jing - Locke 1 What is Locke's idea of a state of...

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Locke 1. What is Locke's idea of a state of nature? Locke's idea of a state of nature consists of freedom for men to do what they want that is within the law of nature. He believes that a state of nature means all men are equal and no one has more than another because each person is born with the same advantages. People have the natural right to acquire property as long as they put their labor into the work. With the property, people can sell their goods for money to buy more land and hire workers to work for them(property and money come into play after the creation of society). Locke says that in a state of nature, man has the liberty to dispose of his person or possessions, but he cannot destroy himself or any creature in his possession. People also have the right to punish outlaws and force reparations as they see needed. 2. What is Locke's idea of a law of nature? A law of nature is a set of rights that everyone has in a state of nature. These include the right to punish people for their wrongdoings, the right to gain possessions, and the right to obtain reparations for damage. One cannot take more from another than what they have lost and cannot bind the other’s wife and children to go under their rule. 3. What is the primary law of nature? What are the others? According to Locke, the primary law of nature states that one cannot harm another's life, liberty, health, or possessions. Other laws of nature include laws such as the right of punishment, the right of reparations, and the right of possessions. The right to punishment says that people have the right to punish offenders, and everyone, including the victim, is able to punish the wrongdoers in a state of nature. This right of punishment puts pressure on people to be good and follow the laws of nature or otherwise risk punishment. The right to reparations says that people get due compensation for wrongful acts done to
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This note was uploaded on 01/20/2012 for the course POLI 271 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Locke-jing - Locke 1 What is Locke's idea of a state of...

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