11 Surveillance Technology and The National Security State1

11 Surveillance Technology and The National Security State1...

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The National Security Surveillance State and The Surveillance-Industrial Complex
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Schedule “Surveillance” Surveillance Logics: 1) Political (governance and national security) 2) Economic (corporate data aggregation, sorting and sale of data profiles as commodities in the information economy) Public-private surveillance partnership: The Neoliberal State The Surveillance-Industrial Complex
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Schedule, cont’d Surveillance Techniques: 1) physically proximate and distanced 2) overt and covert 3) hard (coercive) and soft (persuasive) The Normalization of Surveillance Society - Why? 1) economic change (surveillance tech. industry growth); 2) political change (post 9/11 “war on terror”); 3) cultural change (surveillance-based entertainment, “peep culture”); 4) technological change (social media/Web 2.0)
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Schedule, cont’d Political Debates: 1) Security, Privacy and Civil Liberties 2) Crime Deterrence and Criminalization 3) Social Control/‘Panopticon’ Effect 4) Chilling Effect/Dissent Deterrence 5) Citizen Counter-Surveillance of Police at Demonstrations (from the Montebello Summit to Occupy Wall Street).
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Surveillance “watching over” a practice that captures "personal data within certain coordinates, which means that bodies, behaviours and communications, seen in the cross-hairs of space and time, are seen in significant ways that we might not previously have imagined”(Lyons 2008: 8). all forms of watching over, collecting data about, and monitoring people. “Motivated”
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The Surveillance Agents Surveillance is undertaken by large-scale organizations: nation-states and corporations. The practice of surveillance is undertaken by: 1) state actors (bureaucracy, police, military); 2) non-state actors (corporations and citizens) and, 3) a combination of state and non-state actors (states, firms, citizens, etc.).
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The Surveillance State: Governance Surveillance of citizens is a routine function of states. Why? Governance Recognition of people as rights-bearing citizens (voting, representation in a court of law, civil liberties) Social services (social insurance number; welfare)
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The Surveillance State: “National Security” National security/Threats Threats to national security motivate the state to take action. The U.S. state views surveillance technology a useful tool for achieving security objectives; pre-emptive monitoring, deterrence and investigation of threats (possible and actual) to security.
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Surveillance of persons or groups that have not engaged in criminal activity and do not pose an actual or verifiable threat to national security, but are viewed as possibly becoming a threat to security at some future time. Muslims, people for the Ethical Treatment
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This note was uploaded on 01/18/2012 for the course POLITICS POL 507 taught by Professor Mirlees during the Fall '11 term at Ryerson.

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11 Surveillance Technology and The National Security State1...

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