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Unformatted text preview: 10/27/11 Toughest Exam Question: What Is the Best Way to Study? - WSJ.com Dow Jones Reprints: This cop is f or our personal, non-commercial use onl . To order presentation-read copies f or distribution to our colleagues, clients or customers, use the Order Reprints tool at the bottom of an article or v isit www.djreprints.com See a sample reprint in PDF f ormat. Order a reprint of this article now WORK & FAMILY OCTOBER 26, 2011 T S E ? Q :W I B W B SUE SHELLENBARGER H ' . :W ?A - ?W C , .T , U , .I , , J K , P With test-taking season upon us, Sue Shellenbarger on Lunch Break looks at the latest findings from the science of stud ing. For students approaching SAT/ACTs, midterms and finals, w hich memor tricks w ork best and does cramming help? . I K C H " . "I " , , N.C., 30 SAT ," , PSAT, . 19, P ' 50% T W , . .M .H 1200 " .P U .H N 1800 ( C . -C 2400) H , SAT, ," M . H , ACT, , , P - S .R , . T , online.wsj.com/ /SB10001424052970204644504576653004073453880.ht D T , - 1/4 10/27/11 Toughest Exam Question: What Is the Best Way to Study? - WSJ.com health-research lab at the University of North Texas in Denton. And don't wake up earlier than usual to study; this could interfere with the rapideye-movement sleep that aids memory, he says. A common study habit the all-nighter is a bad idea. Although 60% of college students stay up all night at some point in school, the practice is linked to lower grades, says Pamela Thacher, an associate professor of psychology at St. Lawrence University in Canton, N.Y., based on a 2008 study of 120 students. It also impairs reasoning and memory for as long as four days. Everybody knows you should eat breakfast the day of a big test. High-carb, high-fiber, slow-digesting foods like oatmeal are best, research shows. But what you eat a week in advance matters, too. When 16 college students were tested on attention and thinking speed, then fed a five-day high-fat, lowcarb diet heavy on meat, eggs, cheese and cream and tested again, their performance declined. The students who ate a balanced diet that included fruit and vegetables, however, held steady, says Cameron Holloway, a senior clinical researcher at the University of Oxford. The brain requires a constant supply of energy and "has only a limited backup battery," he says. Ge I age Re ea ed aci g. ac ice e he a e e f a a d Being Confiden Wied fea a d a ie ie bef e he e f ee i g e a d e e di ac i d i g he e . T c ba e f-d b ( ch a 'I' bad i a h'), e i d ef f e e a ai a d e g h ha ca e cce . P ac ice i ad a ce faci g a he e e i face e a da , ch a d i i g he e i g ce e i ii ga fa i ia e i g . Te ha e b efb i g . e eca i g b ad c ce a he i e fac e- eadi g efa ei g fide ce. Bef e he e , e i i e i ca a d ihc While many teens insist they study better while listening to music or texting their friends, research shows the opposite: Information reviewed amid distractions is less likely to be recalled later, says Nicole Dudukovic, assistant professor of psychology at Trinity College, Hartford, Conn. In her research, college students categorized and made judgments about pictures of more than 100 D id ffe f e a ie ? Ha e items. Then, they were tested on a new mix of f d a ea e he be ? pictures and asked to recall which ones they had already seen and how they had categorized them; half the time, they were also asked to listen and respond to a set of rhythmic sounds. When the students were tested later, they were more likely to remember correctly what they had studied without distractions. Di c on The J ggle "Students do have this belief that they can do it all and they aren't really being distracted" by music or sounds from a noisy cafe, Dr. Dudukovic says. But while the sounds may "make them feel more relaxed," she says, they won't help them ace the midterm. Bryan Almanza says he did poorly on the PSAT as a high-school sophomore because he didn't know how to prepare. He got too little sleep the night before online.wsj.com/ /SB10001424052970204644504576653004073453880.ht and ate only a bowl of cereal for breakfast. On the 2/4 10/27/11 Toughest Exam Question: What Is the Best Way to Study? - WSJ.com .O , , C ," , .B H S M .A , 18, , G . "I' .A - , SAT. , T ips on Conquering T est-Da Jitters E . A . T ,J H , C DISCUSS , , R 35% D , K ,T ., H S S . , G ., Journal Communit O ,D .D . Test prepping doesn't start the da before or the week before. If that's necessar ou are alread doomed. Ken Cairnes E ; , , .T .W , ' . A S , B , , . , U C .T .S , D. " " .I I B , , 106 10 .B ,D .B , Email [email protected] , 10 - ' . .E ' Copyright 2011 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All Rights Reserved This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. Distribution and use of this material are governed by our Subscriber Agreement and by copyright law . For non-personal use or to order multiple copies, please contact Dow Jones Reprints at 1-800843-0008 or visit online.wsj.com/ /SB10001424052970204644504576653004073453880.ht 3/4 10/27/11 Toughest Exam Question: What Is the Best Way to Study? - WSJ.com 843-0008 or isit .djreprints.com online.wsj.com/ /SB10001424052970204644504576653004073453880.ht 4/4 ...
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