Guatemala - Guatemala The territory of what is now known as...

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Guatemala The territory of what is now known as Guatemala was once inhabitated by the Maya civilization until around 900 AD, when their civilization collapsed* and was replaced by local kingdoms. These kingdoms were eventually conquered by the Spanish conqueror army, who established the Captaincy General of Guatemala (composed by Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras and the Mexican state of Chiapas). In 1821, the Captaincy proclaimed its independence and subsequent incorporation into the Mexican Empire. However, when the empire collapsed a couple of years later, the countries separated (Chiapas remained part of Mexico) and formed the United Provinces of Central America, at least until 1840 when the provinces had all declared themselves independent. In 1898 the country fell for the first time into a dictatorship , and would pass almost the entire twentieth century alternating between political unstability, coup d’etats, military governments and guerrilla operations. As a result of that, the country fell into a civil war between the various
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.

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Guatemala - Guatemala The territory of what is now known as...

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