Guyana - Guyana A culturally-Caribbean country in northern...

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Guyana A culturally-Caribbean country in northern South America. One of only four non-Spanish speaking territories in South America (the others being Brazil, French Guiana, and Suriname). A British colony until 1966, this country's culture is more like that of the West Indies than of South America. It is 43% East Indian, 30% Afro- Guyanese, 16.7% mixed heritage, and 10% Amerindian. There is also a small Portuguese population in Guyana (which New York Yankees first baseman Mark Teixeira is descended from) and a Chinese population that, though tiny, has had a massive influence on Guyanese cuisine (as a result, Guyana has its own distinctive version of chow mein). Most non-West Indians know Guyana for being the place where American pastor Jim Jones and the members of the People's Temple from California drank cyanide poisoned Kool-Aid in 1978. It should be noted, however, that average Guyanese civilians had no idea that the Jonestown settlement was even there. The People's Temple had moved to Guyana from California in order to evade investigation by the US government. The Guyanese dictator at the time, Forbes Burnham, allowed Jones and his followers to quietly form their settlement, but again, the average Guyanese civilian was unaware of this until after the mass suicide made headlines. Over the years, there has been much racial tension between the Indo-Guyanese (descendants of indentured servants brought by the British from India) and the Afro-Guyanese descendants of African slaves (although this tension has lessened somewhat in recent years), with most of the Indo-Guyanese voting for the People's Progressive Party and most of the Afro-Guyanese voting for the People's National Congress. In the 1960's and 70's, Guyana was ruled by the authoritarian
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.

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Guyana - Guyana A culturally-Caribbean country in northern...

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