Imperial Japan - Imperial Japan The Dai Nippon Teikoku...

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Imperial Japan The Dai Nippon Teikoku (Greater Japanese Empire) was the political entity that ran Japan from 1868 to 1945. It was also known as "Dai-tou-a Kyoueiken" (Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere) . The Greater Japanese Empire arose after the end of The Tokugawa Era, when Japan was wracked with two bloody civil wars and battered by the British Empire due to the murder of an Englishman resulting from the "Order to expel barbarians." The last Tokugawa shogun resigned, resulting in a power vacuum which lasted until Satsuma-Choushuu forces seized the Imperial Palace and placed the fifteen-year-old Emperor Meiji on the throne. This resulted in more civil conflicts, culminating in the Boshin War of 1868-1869 between forces loyal to the Meiji Emperor and forces loyal to the Tokugawa. The defeat of the Tokugawa forces ensured the control of the Meiji Emperor, resulting in the restoration of Japan's status as a full monarchy and ushering in the Meiji era. The Meiji era was marked by increased industrialization and modernization, as well as large scale adaptation of Western, especially European, technology and socio-political institutions. The sudden westernization, once it was adopted, changed almost all arenas of Japanese society, ranging from language, etiquette, clothing, judicial and political systems, armaments, arts, etc. The Japanese government sent students to Western countries to observe and learn their practices, and also paid "foreign advisors" in a variety of fields to come to Japan to educate the populace. For instance, the judicial system and constitution were largely modeled on those of Germany. The government also outlawed customs linked to Japan's feudal past, such as publicly displaying and wearing katana and a top knot hairstyle, both of which were characteristic of the samurai class, which was abolished together with the caste system. This would later bring the Meiji government into conflict with the Samurai culminating in the Satsuma Rebellion.
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It is during the Meiji era that Japan established itself as an international power and a colonial Empire. The newly industrialized and modernized Japanese forces allowed the Japanese Empire to gain victories during the First Sino-Japanese war and the Korean annexation, which would later start the practice of "cultural assimiliation" for which the Empire would be known during WWII. This conflict contributed to the demise of the sagging Qing Empire and established Japan as the new regional power in East Asia. However, it was their victory over the Russian Empire during the Russo-Japanese war (which the Japanese opened with a surprise torpedo attack) and annexation of Korea and Formosa (modern-day Taiwan) as Japanese protectorates which established Japan as a Great Power. The unprecedented defeat of a large European nation by a small Asian one startled many in the Western world as Japan had been viewed as something of a backwater empire prior to that point and the Russians had gambled on a quick victory that would
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2012 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Winter '09 term at Broward College.

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Imperial Japan - Imperial Japan The Dai Nippon Teikoku...

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